International Criminal Court investigation in Darfur

The International Criminal Court investigation in Darfur or the situation in Darfur is an ongoing investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) into criminal acts committed during the War in Darfur. Although Sudan is not a state party to the Rome Statute, the treaty which created the ICC, the situation in Darfur was referred to the ICC's Prosecutor by the United Nations Security Council in 2005.[2] As of June 2019, five suspects remained under indictment by the court: Ahmed Haroun, Ali Kushayb, Omar al-Bashir, Abdallah Banda and Abdel Rahim Mohammed Hussein.[3][4] Charges against Bahar Abu Garda were dropped on the basis of insufficient evidence in 2010[5] and those against Saleh Jerbo were dropped following his death in 2013.[1] In mid-April 2019, Haroun, al-Bashir and Hussein were imprisoned in Sudan as a result of the 2019 Sudanese coup d'état.[6][7] In early November 2019, the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) and Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok stated that al-Bashir would be transferred to the ICC.[8][9] One of the demands of the displaced people of Darfur visited by Hamdok prior to Hamdok's statement was that "Omar Al Bashir and the other wanted persons" had to be surrendered to the ICC.[10]

Situation in Darfur
The seal of the International Criminal Court
File no.02/05
Referred byUN Security Council
Date referred31 March 2005
Date opened6 June 2005 (2005-06-06)
Incident(s)War in Darfur
(Raids on Haskanita)
CrimesGenocide:
· Causing serious bodily or mental harm
· Deliberately inflicting conditions calculated to destroy
· Killing members of the group
Crimes against humanity:
· Extermination
· Forcible transfer
· Inhumane acts
· Imprisonment
· Murder
· Persecution
· Rape
· Torture
War crimes:
· Attacks against civilians
· Destruction of property
· Murder
· Outrage upon dignity
· Pillaging
· Rape
Status of suspects
Ahmed HarounFugitive
Ali KushaybIn custody; Awaiting trial
Omar al-BashirFugitive
Bahar Abu GardaCharges not confirmed
Abdallah BandaCase in pre-trial stage
Saleh JerboCase dropped due to death[1]
Abdel Rahim Mohammed HusseinFugitive

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