Ipoh (//) is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Perak. Located by the Kinta River, it is nearly 180 km (110 mi) north of Kuala Lumpur and 123 km (76 mi) southeast of George Town in neighbouring Penang. As of 2010[update], Ipoh had a population of 657,892, making it the fourth largest city in Malaysia by population.
|City of Ipoh|
City of Millionaires, Bougainvillea City, Silver Valley
Ipoh Bersih, Hijau dan Maju
(English: Ipoh Clean, Green and Progressive)
|Granted States Capital status||31 May 1937|
|Granted Municipality status||31 May 1962|
|Granted City status||27 May 1988|
|• Mayor||Rumaizi Baharin|
|• City and state capital||643 km2 (248 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21.95 m (72 ft)|
|• City and state capital||657,892|
|• Density||1,023/km2 (2,650/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed|
Originally a village, Ipoh began to grow rapidly in the 1880s after huge deposits of tin were discovered within its vicinity. By 1895, it was the second largest town within the Federated Malay States, which also consisted of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang. Ipoh was declared a city in 1988. However, following the depletion of its tin deposits and the collapse of tin prices in the 1970s, the city suffered decades of decline and neglect.
In recent years, Ipoh's popularity as an international tourist destination has been significantly boosted by efforts to conserve its British colonial-era architecture. The city is also well known for its cuisine and natural attractions, such as its limestone hills and caves within which Buddhist temples were built. In addition, Ipoh has managed to maintain its reputation as one of the cleanest cities in Malaysia and Asia in general.
Ipoh's location between Kuala Lumpur and George Town has made it a major land transportation hub within West Malaysia, with both the Malayan Railway's West Coast Line and the North-South Expressway cutting through the city. Aside from the land transportation links, Ipoh is also served by the Sultan Azlan Shah Airport.