Iqaluit

Iqaluit (/iˈkæluɪt/ ee-KAL-oo-it; Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ [iqaluit] (meaning "place of many fish");[7] French: [ikalɥi(t)]) is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, its largest community, and its only city. It was known as Frobisher Bay from 1942 to 1987, after the large bay on the coast of which the city is situated. In 1987, its traditional Inuktitut name was restored.

Iqaluit  (Inuktitut)
ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ (Inuktitut syllabics)
City of Iqaluit
From top left: Cityscape from Joamie Hill, Iqaluit waterfront, Aurora borealis at night, Iqaluit Airport, St. Jude's Anglican Cathedral
Iqaluit  (Inuktitut)
Location of Iqaluit
Iqaluit  (Inuktitut)
Iqaluit  (Inuktitut) (Canada)
Coordinates: 63°45′N 068°31′W
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk
Electoral districtsIqaluit-Manirajak
Iqaluit-Niaqunnguu
Iqaluit-Sinaa
Iqaluit-Tasiluk
Settled1942
Village status1974
Town status1980
City status19 April 2001
Founded byNakasuk
Government
  TypeIqaluit City Council
  MayorKenny Bell[3]
  MLAsAdam Arreak-Lightstone
Pat Angnakak
Elisapee Sheutiapik
George Hickes
  MPMumilaaq Qaqqaq
Area
  Total52.50 km2 (20.27 sq mi)
  Population Centre9.55 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
Elevation30 m (110 ft)
Population
 (2016)[4][5]
  Total7,740
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
  Population Centre
7,082
  Population Centre density740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Iqalummiut
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
X0A 0H0, X0A 1H0
Area code(s)867
Telephone Exchanges222 (mobile), 975, 979
NTS Map25N10 Hill Island
GNBC CodeOATRP
Websiteiqaluit.ca

In 1999, Iqaluit was designated the capital of Nunavut after the division of the Northwest Territories into two separate territories. Before this event, Iqaluit was a small city and not well known outside the Canadian Arctic or Canada, with population and economic growth highly limited. This is due to the city's isolation and heavy dependence on expensive imported supplies, as the city, like the rest of Nunavut, has no road or rail, and only has ship connections for part of the year to the rest of Canada. The city has a polar climate, influenced by the cold deep waters of the Labrador Current just off Baffin Islandthis makes the city of Iqaluit cold, although it is well south of the Arctic Circle.

As of the 2016 census, the population was 7,740 (population centre: 7,082[5]), an increase of 15.5 percent from the 2011 census. Iqaluit has the lowest population of any capital city in Canada.[4] Inhabitants of Iqaluit are called Iqalummiut (singular: Iqalummiuq).