Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I (Spanish: Isabel I, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504)[2] was Queen of Castile from 1474 until she died in 1504, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with her husband, King Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was Queen of Aragon after Ferdinand ascended in 1479. Together they are known as the Catholic Monarchs.[3]

Isabella I
Servant of God
Portrait (c. 1490)
Queen of Castile and León
Reign11 December 1474 – 26 November 1504
Coronation13 December 1474[1]
PredecessorHenry IV
Co-monarchFerdinand V
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure20 January 1479 – 26 November 1504
Born22 April 1451
Madrigal de las Altas Torres
Died26 November 1504 (aged 53)
Medina del Campo
(m. 1469)
among others...
FatherJohn II of Castile
MotherIsabella of Portugal
ReligionRoman Catholicism

After a struggle to claim the throne, Isabella reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years,[4] and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her half-brother King Henry IV had left behind. Isabella's marriage to Ferdinand in 1469 created the basis of the de facto unification of Spain. Her reforms and those she made with her husband had an influence that extended well beyond the borders of their united kingdoms.

Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, for issuing the Alhambra Decree which ordered the mass expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain, for establishing the Spanish Inquisition, for supporting and financing Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage that led to the discovery of the New World by Europeans, and for the establishment of Spain as a major power in Europe and much of the world for more than a century.[5] Isabella was granted, together with her husband, the title of "Catholic monarch" by Pope Alexander VI, and was recognized in 1974 as a servant of God by the Catholic Church.