Jacques Cartier (UK: // KAR-tee-ay, also US: / /, KAR-tee-AY, kar-TYAY, French: [ʒak kaʁtje], Quebec French: [- kaʁt͡sje]; Breton: Jakez Karter; 31 December 1491 – 1 September 1557) was a French-Breton maritime explorer for France. Jacques Cartier was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named "The Country of Canadas" after the Iroquoian names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec City) and at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).
|Born||31 December 1491|
|Died||1 September 1557 65) (aged|
Saint-Malo, Kingdom of France
|Occupation||French navigator and explorer|
|Known for||First European to travel inland in North America. Claimed what is now known as Canada for the Kingdom of France.|
Mary Catherine des Granches