Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier (UK: /ˈkɑːrti/ KAR-tee-ay, also US: /ˌkɑːrtiˈ, kɑːrˈtj/ KAR-tee-AY, kar-TYAY,[1][2] French: [ʒak kaʁtje], Quebec French: [- kaʁt͡sje]; Breton: Jakez Karter; 31 December 1491  1 September 1557) was a French-Breton maritime explorer for France. Jacques Cartier was the first European to describe and map[3] the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named "The Country of Canadas" after the Iroquoian names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec City) and at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).[4][5][6][7]

Jacques Cartier
Portrait of Jacques Cartier by Théophile Hamel, ca. 1844. No contemporary portraits of Cartier are known.
Born31 December 1491
Died1 September 1557(1557-09-01) (aged 65)
Saint-Malo, Kingdom of France
OccupationFrench navigator and explorer
Known forFirst European to travel inland in North America. Claimed what is now known as Canada for the Kingdom of France.
Mary Catherine des Granches
(m. 1520)