Jacques Lacan

Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (/ləˈkɑːn/;[1] French: [ʒak maʁi emil lakɑ̃]; 13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".[2] Giving yearly seminars in Paris from 1953 to 1981, Lacan’s work has marked the French and international intellectual landscape, having made a significant impact on continental philosophy and cultural theory in areas such as post-structuralism, critical theory, feminist theory and film theory as well as on psychoanalysis itself.

Jacques Lacan
Born(1901-04-13)13 April 1901
Paris, France
Died9 September 1981(1981-09-09) (aged 80)
Paris, France
EducationCollège Stanislas (1907–1918)
Alma materUniversity of Paris
(certificate of specialist in legal medicine, 1931; M.D., 1932)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
InstitutionsUniversity of Paris VIII
Main interests
Notable ideas
Mirror phase
The Real
The Symbolic
The Imaginary
Graph of desire
Split subject
Objet petit a

Lacan took up and discussed the whole range of Freudian concepts emphasising the philosophical dimension of Freud’s thought and applying concepts derived from structuralism in linguistics and anthropology to its development in his own work which he would further augment by employing formulae from mathematical logic and topology. Taking this new direction, and introducing controversial innovations in clinical practice, led to expulsion for Lacan and his followers from the International Psychoanalytic Association.[3] In consequence Lacan went on to establish new psychoanalytic institutions to promote and develop his work which he declared to be a “return to Freud” in opposition to prevalent trends in psychoanalysis collusive of adaptation to social norms.