Jalisco

Jalisco (/həˈlsk/, also /hɑː-, həˈlɪsk/,[10][11] Spanish: [xaˈlisko] (listen); Nahuatl: Xalixco), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco [esˈtaðo ˈliβɾe i soβeˈɾano ðe xaˈlisko]; Nahuatl: Tlahtohcayotl Xalixco), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is located in Western Mexico and is bordered by six states, which are Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacán, and Colima. Jalisco is divided into 125 municipalities, and its capital and largest city is Guadalajara.

Jalisco
Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco
Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco (Spanish)
Motto(s): 
Jalisco es México
(English: "Jalisco is Mexico")
Anthem: "Himno del estado de Jalisco"
"Anthem of the state of Jalisco"
Jalisco within Mexico
Coordinates: 20°34′N 103°41′W
CountryMexico
Municipalities125
Admission23 December 1823[1]
Order9th
CapitalGuadalajara
Government
  BodyCongress of Jalisco
  Governor Enrique Alfaro Ramírez
  Senators[2] Clemente Castañeda Hoeflich
Veronica Delgadillo García
María Antonia Cárdenas Mariscal
  Deputies[3]
Area
  Total78,588 km2 (30,343 sq mi)
 Ranked 7th
Highest elevation4,339 m (14,236 ft)
Population
 (2020)[6]
  Total8,348,151
  Rank4th
  Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
   Rank11th
DemonymJalisciense
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
44-49
Area code
Area codes 1, 2 and 3
ISO 3166 codeMX-JAL
HDI 0.788 high Ranked 12th
GDP (nominal)US$ 120,589,080,000 Ranked 4th
GDP per capita (nominal)US$ 15,371.79
GDP (PPP)US$ 261,403,061,000
GDP per capita (PPP)US$ 33,321.70
Websitewww.jalisco.gob.mx
^ a. The state's GDP was 566,809,524 million pesos in 2008,[7] amount corresponding to 44,281,994.06 million dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of 3 June 2010).[8]
b. The state's flag was officially adopted in 2007[9]

Jalisco is one of the most economically and culturally important states in Mexico, owing to its natural resources as well as its long history and culture.[12] Many of the characteristic traits of Mexican culture, particularly outside Mexico City, are originally from Jalisco, such as mariachi, ranchera music, birria, tequila, jaripeo, etc., hence the state's motto: "Jalisco es México." Economically, it is ranked third in the country, with industries centered in the Guadalajara metropolitan area, the third largest metropolitan area in Mexico. The state is home to two significant indigenous populations, the Huichols and the Nahuas. There is also a significant foreign population, mostly from the United States and Canada, living in the Lake Chapala and Puerto Vallarta areas.[13][14][15]


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