Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

Jammu and Kashmir[lower-alpha 2] is a region administered by India as a union territory and consisting of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.[15][16] The Line of Control separates Jammu and Kashmir from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north. It lies to the north of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of Ladakh, which is also subject to the dispute as a part of Kashmir, and administered by India as a union territory.

Jammu and Kashmir
Region administered by India as a union territory
A map of the disputed Kashmir region showing the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 33.5°N 75.0°E / 33.5; 75.0
Administering countryIndia
Union territory31 October 2019
CapitalSrinagar (May–October)
Jammu (Nov-April)[1]
  BodyGovernment of Jammu and Kashmir
  Lieutenant GovernorManoj Sinha
  Chief MinisterVacant
  LegislatureUnicameral (114 seats)[2]
  Parliamentary constituencyRajya Sabha (4)
Lok Sabha (5)
  High CourtHigh Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
  Total42,241 km2 (16,309 sq mi)
Highest elevation7,135 m (23,409 ft)
Lowest elevation247 m (810 ft)
  Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
  OfficialKashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, Hindi, English.[5][6]
  SpokenPunjabi, Pahari, Gojri, Dadri[7][8] Bhadarwahi,[9] Bateri,[10] Shina,[11] Burushaski[12] and Khowar[13]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-JK
Vehicle registrationJK
HDI (2018) 0.688 (Medium)

Provisions for the formation of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir were contained within the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which was passed by both houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. The act re-constituted the former state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with effect from 31 October 2019.[17]