Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen (Urban East Norwegian: [jɑn ˈmɑ̀ɪən])[1] is a Norwegian volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean, with no permanent population. It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers [an area of 114.2 km2 (44.1 sq mi) around the Beerenberg volcano]. It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide isthmus. It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland (495 km [305 mi] NE of Kolbeinsey), 500 km (310 mi) east of central Greenland and 1,000 km (620 mi) west of the North Cape, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna (South Lagoon), and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon). A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon). Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot.

Jan Mayen
NASA satellite image of Jan Mayen, Beerenberg covered with snow
LocationArctic Ocean
Coordinates70°59′N 8°32′W
Area377 km2 (146 sq mi)
Coastline124,100 m (407200 ft)
Highest elevation2,277 m (7470 ft)
Highest pointBeerenberg
Largest settlementOlonkinbyen (pop. 35)
Population0 (up to 35 non-permanent residents)
Additional information
Time zone
  Summer (DST)
Postal code8099
ISO 3166 codeSJ

Although administered separately, in the ISO 3166-1 standard Jan Mayen and Svalbard are collectively designated as Svalbard and Jan Mayen, with the two-letter country code "SJ".

The island and the circa 1960s NATO base is frequently referenced in the Kathryn Bigelow film K-19: The Widowmaker.