Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Martin Charcot (French: [ ʃaʁko ]; 29 November 1825 – 16 August 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology.[2] He worked on hypnosis and hysteria, in particular with his hysteria patient Louise Augustine Gleizes.[3] Charcot is known as "the founder of modern neurology",[4] and his name has been associated with at least 15 medical eponyms, including various conditions sometimes referred to as Charcot diseases.[2]

Jean-Martin Charcot
wearing Legion of Honour Officier,
with rosette[1]
Born(1825-11-29)29 November 1825
Died16 August 1893(1893-08-16) (aged 67)
NationalityFrench
Known forStudying and discovering neurological diseases
Awards Legion of Honour – Commander (1892)
Scientific career
FieldsNeurologist and professor of anatomical pathology
InstitutionsPitié-Salpêtrière Hospital

Charcot has been referred to as "the father of French neurology and one of the world's pioneers of neurology".[5] His work greatly influenced the developing fields of neurology and psychology; modern psychiatry owes much to the work of Charcot and his direct followers.[6] He was the "foremost neurologist of late nineteenth-century France"[7] and has been called "the Napoleon of the neuroses".[8]


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