Jericho (/ˈɛrɪk/; Arabic: أريحا Arīḥā [ʔaˈriːħaː] (listen); Hebrew: יְרִיחוֹ Yeriḥo) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank. It is located in the Jordan Valley, with the Jordan River to the east and Jerusalem to the west. It is the administrative seat of the Jericho Governorate and is governed by the Palestinian National Authority.[2] In 2007, it had a population of 18,346.[3]

Arabic transcription(s)
Hebrew transcription(s)
The city of Jericho from Tell es-Sultan
Location of Jericho within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°52′16″N 35°26′39″E
Palestine grid193/140
StateState of Palestine
Founded9600 BCE
  TypeCity (from 1994)
  Head of MunicipalityHassan Saleh[1]
  Total58,701 dunams (58.701 km2 or 22.665 sq mi)
−258 m (−846 ft)
  Density350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Name meaning"Fragrant"

The city was annexed and ruled by Jordan from 1949 to 1967 and has been held under Israeli occupation since 1967; administrative control was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.[4][5] It is believed to be one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world[6][7][8] and the city with the oldest known protective wall in the world.[9] Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back 11,000 years (9000 BCE),[10][11] almost to the very beginning of the Holocene epoch of the Earth's history.[12][13] Jericho was thought to have the oldest stone tower in the world as well, but excavations at Tell Qaramel in Syria have discovered stone towers that are even older.[14][15]

Copious springs in and around the city have attracted human habitation for thousands of years.[16] Jericho is described in the Hebrew Bible as the "city of palm trees".[17]