Jilin

Jilin /ˈlɪn/[5] (吉林; alternately romanized as Kirin or Chilin) is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea (Rasŏn, North Hamgyong, Ryanggang and Chagang) and Russia (Primorsky Krai) to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. Along with the rest of Northeast China, Jilin underwent an early period of industrialization. However, Jilin's economy, characterized by heavy industry, has been facing economic difficulties with privatization. This prompted the central government to undertake a campaign called "Revitalize the Northeast". The region contains large deposits of oil shale.

Jilin Province
吉林省
Chi-lin, Kirin
Name transcription(s)
  Chinese吉林省 (Jílín Shěng)
  AbbreviationJL / (pinyin: )
View of Heaven Lake
Map showing the location of Jilin Province
Coordinates: 43°42′N 126°12′E
CountryChina
Named forfrom girin ula, a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river"
Capital
(and largest city)
Jilin (1949–1954)
Changchun (1954–present)
Divisions9 prefectures, 60 counties, 1006 townships
Government
  TypeProvince
  BodyJilin Provincial People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryJing Junhai
  Congress chairmanJing Junhai
  GovernorHan Jun
  CPPCC chairmanJiang Zelin
Area
  Total191,126 km2 (73,794 sq mi)
Area rank14th
Highest elevation2,744 m (9,003 ft)
Population
 (2020)[2]
  Total24,073,453
  Rank21st
  Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
  Density rank23rd
Demographics
  Ethnic composition
  Languages and dialectsNortheastern Mandarin, Hamgyŏng Korean
ISO 3166 codeCN-JL
GDP (2020)CNY 1.231 trillion
USD 178 billion (26th)[3]
 - per capitaCNY 51,135
USD 7,410 (24th)
 • growth 2.4%
HDI (2018) 0.768[4] (high) (9th)
Websitewww.jl.gov.cn
Jilin
"Jilin" in Chinese characters
Chinese name
Chinese吉林
PostalKirin
Literal meaningtranscription of "girin (ula)"
a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river"
Chinese Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl길림
Japanese name
Kanji吉林
Kanaきつりん
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡤᡳᡵᡳᠨ
ᠮᡤᠣᠯᠣ
RomanizationGirin golo