Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (/ˈfɪxtə/;[28] German: [ˈjoːhan ˈɡɔtliːp ˈfɪçtə];[29][30][31] 19 May 1762 – 29 January 1814) was a German philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant. Recently, philosophers and scholars have begun to appreciate Fichte as an important philosopher in his own right due to his original insights into the nature of self-consciousness or self-awareness.[18] Fichte was also the originator of thesis–antithesis–synthesis,[9] an idea that is often erroneously attributed to Hegel.[32] Like Descartes and Kant before him, Fichte was motivated by the problem of subjectivity and consciousness. Fichte also wrote works of political philosophy; he has a reputation as one of the fathers of German nationalism.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Born(1762-05-19)19 May 1762
Died29 January 1814(1814-01-29) (aged 51)
University of Jena
(1780; no degree)
Leipzig University
(1781–1784; no degree)
Era18th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy
German idealism
Post-Kantian transcendental idealism[1][2]
Empirical realism[1]
Coherence theory of truth[4][5][6]
Jena Romanticism
Romantic nationalism[7]
InstitutionsUniversity of Jena
University of Erlangen
University of Berlin
Academic advisorsImmanuel Kant
Notable studentsNovalis
Friedrich Schlegel
Friedrich Hölderlin
August Ludwig Hülsen
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Main interests
Self-consciousness and self-awareness, moral philosophy, political philosophy
Notable ideas

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