John Bull (magazine)


The original John Bull was a Sunday newspaper established in the City, London EC4, by Theodore Hook in 1820.[1]

John Bull
John Bull cover, January 1957
Former editorsHoratio Bottomley (1906–1920)
Geoffrey Williamson (c. 1923)
CategoriesCulture, Fiction, Nonfiction, Cartoons
Circulation750,000
PublisherHoratio Bottomley (1906–1920)
Odhams Press (1920–1964)
FounderTheodore Hook
First issue1820; 201 years ago (1820)
Final issue1964; 57 years ago (1964)
CountryUnited Kingdom
Based inLondon
LanguageEnglish

During its Odhams Press years (from 1920), John Bull was similar in style to the American magazine The Saturday Evening Post; covers encapsulated post-war Britain and employed some of Britain's finest illustrators. They also included short stories by major British authors such as H. E. Bates, Agatha Christie, Nicholas Monsarrat, N. J. Crisp, Gerald Kersh, J. B. Priestley and C. S. Forester.

Publication history


It was a popular periodical that continued in production through July 1892.[2] Titles with the same name were being published until 1960.[3]

A magazine of that name was reportedly being published in 1899 and 1903.[4] Horatio Bottomley, an MP for the Liberal Party, became the publisher of the magazine on 12 May 1906. It continued production during the First World War.[5] Howard Cox estimates its sales by August 1914 at in excess of three quarters of a million copies a week.[6] By the end of October 1914 the cover of John Bull was '"boasting that the magazine’s circulation was the largest of any weekly journal in the world". It was the subject of a libel case in 1919 concerning a biographical film about David Lloyd George.[7]

In 1920, the company was merged into Odhams Press.[8][9] In 1923, the magazine was said to be 'ultra patriotic'. Around that time, the editor was Geoffrey Williamson. The magazine was in print in 1931,[10] 1939 and 1944.

The magazine was published by Odhams from the late 1940s to the early 1960s. At one point, its picture editor was Elkan Allan.

During its run it incorporated other magazines such as The Illustrated, Passing Show, News Review, and Everybody's Weekly.

End of publication

Following a sharp drop in circulation, the magazine was renamed Today, The New John Bull in 1960.[3] It attempted to appeal to a younger readership with features on aspects of youth culture, such as rock and roll. In 1964, its circulation was just over 700,000, but advertising revenue did not meet its costs, and it was closed.[11] Officially, it was merged with Weekend magazine.[12]

References


  1. "Johnson's Court EC4", in A Guide to the alleys, courts, passages and yards of central London by Ivor Hoole
  2. Alvin Sullivan, ed. British Literary Magazines: The Romantic Age, 1789–1836. Greenwood Press, 1983, pp. 203–207.
  3. "General weekly magazines". Magforum. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  4. Quinn, Anthony. "The precursor to Bottomley's John Bull". Magforum blog. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 April 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. Cox, Howard. "Horatio Bottomley and the Making of John Bull Magazine". CPHC. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  7. Symons, Julian (1955). Horatio Bottomley. London: Cresset Press. OCLC 1278478, pp. 230–31.
  8. Hyman, Alan (1972). The Rise and Fall of Horatio Bottomley. Littlehampton, West Sussex: Cassell & Co. ISBN 0-304-29023-8, p. 232.
  9. "End of the new 'John Bull'", The Guardian, 4 July 1964
  10. Punch, vol. 248, p. 86 (1965)