John Chilembwe

John Chilembwe (1871 – 3 February 1915) was a Baptist pastor and educator, who trained as a minister in the United States, returning to Nyasaland in 1901. He was an early figure in the resistance to colonialism in Nyasaland (Malawi), opposing both the treatment of Africans working in agriculture on European-owned plantations and the colonial government's failure to promote the social and political advancement of Africans. Soon after the outbreak of the First World War, Chilembwe organised an unsuccessful uprising against colonial rule. Today, Chilembwe is celebrated as a hero of independence, and John Chilembwe Day is observed annually on 15 January in Malawi.


John Chilembwe
The last known photo of John Chilembwe (left) taken in 1914 about a year before his death
BornJune 1871
Died3 February 1915 (age 43)
near Mulanje, Nyasaland (modern Malawi)
Cause of deathKilled in action
Alma materVirginia Theological Seminary and College
Years active1899–1915
Known forChilembwe uprising
ReligionChristianity
ChurchBaptist
OrdainedLynchburg, Virginia, 1899

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