John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967) was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes and was at the forefront of free jazz. He led at least fifty recording sessions and appeared on many albums by other musicians, including trumpeter Miles Davis and pianist Thelonious Monk. Over the course of his career, Coltrane's music took on an increasingly spiritual dimension, as exemplified on his most acclaimed albums A Love Supreme (1965) and Ascension (1966). He remains one of the most influential saxophonists in music history. He received numerous posthumous awards, including a Pulitzer Prize in 2007, and was canonized by the African Orthodox Church. His second wife was pianist and harpist Alice Coltrane. The couple had three children: John Jr. (1964–1982), a bassist; Ravi (born 1965), a saxophonist; and Oran (born 1967), also a saxophonist.
|Birth name||John William Coltrane|
|Born||September 23, 1926|
Hamlet, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||July 17, 1967 40) (aged|
Huntington, New York, U.S.
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1945–1946|
|Rank||Seaman First Class|
|Unit|| Naval Station Pearl Harbor|
Pacific Fleet Ceremonial Band
|Awards|| American Campaign Medal|
Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal