John Garamendi

John Raymond Garamendi (/ˌɡærəˈmɛndi/; born January 24, 1945) is an American businessman, politician, and member of the Democratic Party who has represented areas of Northern California between San Francisco and Sacramento, including the cities of Fairfield and Suisun City, in the United States House of Representatives since 2009. Garamendi was the California Insurance Commissioner from 1991 to 1995 and 2003 to 2007, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, and the 46th lieutenant governor of California from 2007 until his election to Congress in late 2009.[1]

John Garamendi
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
November 5, 2009
Preceded byEllen Tauscher
Constituency10th district (2009–2013)
3rd district (2013–present)
46th Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 8, 2007  November 3, 2009
GovernorArnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byCruz Bustamante
Succeeded byMona Pasquil (acting)
1st and 5th Insurance Commissioner of California
In office
January 6, 2003  January 8, 2007
GovernorGray Davis
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byHarry Low
Succeeded bySteve Poizner
In office
January 7, 1991  January 2, 1995
GovernorPete Wilson
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byChuck Quackenbush
1st United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
In office
August 15, 1995  April 1998
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byDavid J. Hayes
Member of the California Senate
In office
December 3, 1976  November 30, 1990
Preceded byAl Alquist
Succeeded byPatrick Johnston
Constituency13th district (1976–1984)
5th district (1984–1990)
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 7th district
In office
December 7, 1974  November 30, 1976
Preceded byBill Bagley
Succeeded byNorman S. Waters
Personal details
John Raymond Garamendi

(1945-01-24) January 24, 1945 (age 77)
Camp Blanding, Florida, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Patricia Wilkinson
(m. 1965)
Residence(s)Walnut Grove, California, U.S.
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley (BA)
Harvard University (MBA)
WebsiteHouse website

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida, and raised in Mokelumne Hill, California. He earned a B.A. in business from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, then served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968. He was elected to the California State Assembly in 1974, serving a single term before being elected in 1976 to the California State Senate, where he served four terms until 1990. During this time he had a spell as Majority Leader and ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nominations for governor of California in 1982 and California State Controller in 1986.

In 1990, Garamendi became the first elected California Insurance Commissioner, serving from 1991 to 1995. He ran for governor in the 1994 election, losing in the Democratic primary. He left public office and served as President Bill Clinton's Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, then worked for the Peace Corps again. He was elected insurance commissioner again in 2002 and briefly ran for governor again in the 2003 recall, before dropping out to support Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[2] In 2006, he was elected lieutenant governor to succeed the term-limited Bustamante.

Garamendi had planned to run for governor a fourth time in 2010,[3] but after U.S. Representative Ellen Tauscher of California's 10th congressional district resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security,[4] Garamendi won the November 2009 special election to succeed her.[5][6]

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