John Hume

John Hume KCSG (18 January 1937  3 August 2020) was an Irish nationalist politician from Northern Ireland, widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the recent political history of Ireland, as one of the architects of the Northern Ireland peace process.

John Hume

Hume in 1998
Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party
In office
6 May 1979  6 November 2001
DeputySeamus Mallon
Preceded byGerry Fitt
Succeeded byMark Durkan
Member of the Legislative Assembly
for Foyle
In office
25 June 1998  1 December 2000
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byAnnie Courtney
Member of Parliament
for Foyle
In office
9 June 1983  11 April 2005[1]
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byMark Durkan
Member of the European Parliament
for Northern Ireland
In office
10 June 1979  13 June 2004
Preceded byNew creation
Succeeded byBairbre de Brún
Member of the Northern Ireland Parliament
for Foyle
In office
24 February 1969  30 March 1972
Preceded byEddie McAteer
Succeeded byParliament abolished
Personal details
Born(1937-01-18)18 January 1937
Derry, Northern Ireland
Died3 August 2020(2020-08-03) (aged 83)
Derry, Northern Ireland
NationalityIrish[2]
Political partySocial Democratic and Labour Party
Spouse(s)Patricia[3]
Children5
Alma materSt Patrick's College, Maynooth
ProfessionEducator

A native of Derry, he was a founding member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and served as its second leader from 1979 to 2001. He also served as a Member of the European Parliament, and a Member of the UK Parliament, as well as a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Hume was co-recipient of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize with David Trimble, and also received both the Gandhi Peace Prize and the Martin Luther King Award. He is the only person to receive the three major peace awards.

In 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made Hume a Knight Commander of the Papal Order of St. Gregory the Great.[4] He was named "Ireland's Greatest" in a 2010 public poll by Irish national broadcaster RTÉ to find the greatest person in Ireland's history.[5]