John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury, 4th Baronet, PC, DL, FRS, FRAI (30 April 1834  28 May 1913), known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet from 1865 until 1900, was an English banker, Liberal politician, philanthropist, scientist and polymath. Lubbock worked in his family company as a banker but made significant contributions in archaeology, ethnography, and several branches of biology. He coined the terms "Paleolithic" and "Neolithic" to denote the Old and New Stone Ages, respectively. He helped establish archaeology as a scientific discipline, and was influential in debates concerning evolutionary theory.[1] He introduced the first law for the protection of the UK's archaeological and architectural heritage. He was also a founding member of the X Club.


The Lord Avebury

Woodburytype print of
Lord Avebury in middle age
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
1900–1913
Succeeded byJohn Lubbock
Chairman of the London County Council
In office
1890–1892
Preceded byThe Earl of Rosebery
Succeeded byThe Earl of Rosebery
Member of Parliament
for London University
In office
1880–1900
Preceded byRobert Lowe
Succeeded byMichael Foster
Member of Parliament
for Maidstone
In office
1870–1880
Preceded byWilliam Lee
Succeeded byAlexander Henry Ross
Personal details
Born30 April 1834 (1834-04-30)
London, England
Died28 May 1913 (1913-05-29) (aged 79)
Broadstairs, Kent, England
NationalityEnglish
Known forBank holidays & the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882