Sir John William Frederic Nott (born 1 February 1932) is a British former Conservative politician. Prominent in the late 1970s and early 1980s, he played a prominent role heavily as Secretary of State for Defence during the 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands and subsequent Falklands War.
Sir John Nott
|Secretary of State for Defence|
5 January 1981 – 6 January 1983
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||Francis Pym|
|Succeeded by||Michael Heseltine|
4 May 1979 – 5 January 1981
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||John Smith|
|Succeeded by||John Biffen|
|Member of Parliament|
for St Ives
31 March 1966 – 13 May 1983
|Preceded by||Greville Howard|
|Succeeded by||David Harris|
John William Frederic Nott
1 February 1932
Bideford, Devon, England
|Political party||Conservative (1968–2016)|
|National Liberal (1966–1968)|
|Children||3, including Julian and Sasha|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Years of service||1952–1956|
|Unit||2nd Gurkha Rifles|
Born in Bideford, Devon, the son of Richard Nott and Phyllis (née Francis), Nott was educated at Bradfield College and was commissioned as a regular officer in the 2nd Gurkha Rifles (1952–1956). He served in the Malayan Emergency after a period of service with the Royal Scots. He left to study law and economics at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society. He was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1959.
Member of Parliament
Nott served as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Cornwall constituency of St Ives from 1966 to 1983. He was the last person to commence his parliamentary career under the nearly obsolete National Liberal label. The National Liberals were formally absorbed by the Conservatives in 1968, after which Nott sat as a Conservative MP. As of 2020[update], he is the last surviving former National Liberal MP.
In 1968, he was one of the few MPs to vote against the Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968, thinking it "disgraceful that people who had British passports should have them taken away".
Nott served in the early-1970s Heath government as Minister of State at the Treasury. He joined the Shadow Cabinet in 1976 and the Cabinet when Margaret Thatcher won the 1979 general election. With this appointment to the cabinet, he was made a Privy Councillor. He served first as Secretary of State for Trade, which incorporated the Department of Prices and Consumer Protection. Nott was responsible for repealing the prices and incomes policy and played a leading role in the abolition of Exchange Control. The Department of Trade also covered responsibility for Shipping and Aviation and the privatisation of British Airways, the first privatisation of the Thatcher Government. He was moved to Defence in the reshuffle of January 1981.
He was widely criticised by Royal Navy chiefs[who?] over the 1981 Defence White Paper for his decision to cut back on forward government naval expenditure during the severe economic recession of the early 1980s; the reductions originally included the proposed scrapping of the Antarctic patrol ship HMS Endurance and the reduction of the Surface Fleet to 50 frigates and from three to two aircraft carriers. He switched the resultant savings into nuclear submarines, naval weapon systems and air defence.
In his White Paper Command 8758 "The Falkland Campaign: The Lessons" he announced a major re-building programme costing around one billion pounds replacing all the ships, Harrier aircraft and helicopters lost during the Falklands War, including the building of five new Type 22 frigates, making the largest naval building programme in many years. He also closed Chatham Dockyard and ended the mid-life modernisation of old frigates. He took through Parliament the upgrading of the nuclear deterrent to the current Trident system (D5).
Resignation and retirement
Nott offered his resignation as Defence Secretary to Thatcher following the Argentinian invasion of the Falklands in March 1982. Unlike then Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington, however, the resignation was not accepted. Nott remained Secretary of State for Defence throughout the four-month conflict. He was eventually replaced by Michael Heseltine in January 1983 after Nott not seeking re-election at the next General Election. In 1983 he was knighted, as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.
In 1985, he became chairman and chief executive of the banking firm Lazard Brothers, retiring in 1989.[page needed] During his chairmanship a cabinet crisis took place on the future of Westland Helicopters which severely rocked the Thatcher government. Lazard Brothers acted for Westland against the Heseltine proposal for a European consortium. Among other well-publicised events was the takeover of Guinness. He was chairman of Hillsdown Holdings, a multi-national food company, the Canadian firm Maple Leaf Foods, deputy chairman of Royal Insurance and other companies.[example needed] He was an adviser to APAX Partners and Freshfields.
In 2016, Nott criticised the "poisoned EU debate" in the Conservative Party, and suspended his party membership until there was a change of leadership.
Nott met his future wife Miloska, a Slovene, at the University of Cambridge. Lady Nott was awarded an OBE in 2012 for her humanitarian work. Their son, Julian Nott, is a film composer, screenwriter and director, most famous for writing the scores for the Wallace and Gromit and Peppa Pig animated short films. Their other son, William, works for an international oil company in London. Their daughter, Sasha, is a journalist married to the former MP for East Devon, Sir Hugo Swire, and published controversial diaries about life as a parliamentarian's wife in the early 21st century.
The title of Nott's autobiography Here Today, Gone Tomorrow is a reference to an interview conducted by Sir Robin Day in October 1982. Day described Nott, who had already announced or was shortly to announce that he would not stand at the next election, as "a transient, here-today and, if I may say so, gone-tomorrow politician." He asked whether the public should believe the MP's statements on defence cuts. Nott promptly stood up calling the interview "ridiculous", removed his microphone and walked off the set.
Nott's second book, Mr Wonderful Takes a Cruise, was published in 2004.
In 2007, he published a family history entitled Haven't We Been Here Before.
In 2012, wrote the introduction to Stephen Tyrrell's Trewinnard – A Cornish History about his home in Cornwall.
Nott's fourth book, Mr Wonderful Seeks Immortality, was published in 2014.
In the media
In popular culture
- "Rejoice", a 1982 remark made by Margaret Thatcher following a statement read by Nott
- "Janus: The Papers of Sir John Nott". janus.lib.cam.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
- "Mr John Nott (Hansard)". api.parliament.uk. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
- Lattimer, Mark (22 January 1999). "When Labour played the racist card". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
- Cohan, William D. (3 April 2008). The Last Tycoons: The Secret History of Lazard Frères & Co. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 978-0-14-191683-5.
- Dominiczak, Peter (8 June 2016). "Margaret Thatcher's defence secretary Sir John Nott suspends Tory membership because of 'poisonous' EU campaign". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 8 June 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
- "OBE for Bosnian aid worker Lady Miloska". Cornwall Live. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2016.[dead link]
- Aitkenhead, Decca (12 September 2020). "Sasha Swire on the Camerons, Boris and her sensational secret diaries". The Times (Interview). Retrieved 19 September 2020.
- Evans, Albert (24 June 2019). "Boris Johnson backer claims candidate wants a no-deal Brexit". inews.co.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
- John Nott (October 1982). "Walks out of interview". Newsnight (Interview). Interviewed by Robin Day. Brighton. Retrieved 16 June 2011 – via YouTube.
- Tory! Tory! Tory! at IMDb
- The Falklands Play at IMDb
- The Iron Lady at the British Film Institute
- Nott (2002). Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: Recollections of an Errant Politician. Politico's. ISBN 978-1-84275-030-8.
- Nott (2004). Mr Wonderful Takes a Cruise: The Adventures of an Old Age Pensioner. Ebury. ISBN 978-0-09-189834-2.
- Nott (March 2007). Haven't We Been Here Before. Discovered Authors. ISBN 978-1-905108-49-7.
- Nott (26 March 2014). Mr Wonderful Seeks Immortality. SilverWood Books. ISBN 978-1-78132-198-0.
- Who's Who in European Institutions and Organizations. p. 561, col. 1.CS1 maint: postscript (link)