John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 7 May 1873)[10] was an English philosopher, political economist, Member of Parliament (MP) and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory, and political economy. Dubbed "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century",[11] he conceived of liberty as justifying the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state and social control.[12]

John Stuart Mill
Mill, c.1870
Member of Parliament
for the City of Westminster
In office
25 July 1865  17 November 1868
Serving with Robert Grosvenor
Preceded byDe Lacy Evans
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Smith
Personal details
Born(1806-05-20)20 May 1806
Pentonville, Middlesex, England
Died7 May 1873(1873-05-07) (aged 66)
Avignon, Vaucluse, France
Political partyLiberal
Spouse
(m. 1851; died 1858)
Parent
Alma materUniversity College London

Philosophy career
Era19th-century philosophy
Classical economics
RegionWestern philosophy
School
Main interests
Notable ideas
Public/private sphere, social liberty, hierarchy of pleasures in utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, classical liberalism, early liberal feminism, harm principle, Mill's Methods, direct reference theory, Millian theory of proper names, emergentism
Signature

Mill was a proponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by his predecessor Jeremy Bentham. He contributed to the investigation of scientific methodology, though his knowledge of the topic was based on the writings of others, notably William Whewell, John Herschel, and Auguste Comte, and research carried out for Mill by Alexander Bain. He engaged in written debate with Whewell.[13]

A member of the Liberal Party and author of the early feminist work The Subjection of Women, Mill was also the second Member of Parliament to call for women's suffrage after Henry Hunt in 1832.[14][15]


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