John the Fearless

John I (French: Jean sans Peur; Dutch: Jan zonder Vrees; 28 May 1371  10 September 1419) was a scion of the French royal family who ruled the Burgundian State from 1404 until his death in 1419. He played a key role in French national affairs during the early 15th century,[1] particularly in the struggles to rule the country for the mentally ill King Charles VI, his cousin, and the Hundred Years' War with England. A rash, ruthless and unscrupulous politician,[1] John murdered the King's brother, the Duke of Orléans, in an attempt to gain control of the government, which led to the eruption of the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War in France and in turn culminated in his own assassination in 1419.

John the Fearless
Copy of an original from c. 1415 by Rogier van der Weyden
Duke of Burgundy
Reign27 April 1404  10 September 1419
PredecessorPhilip II
SuccessorPhilip III
Born28 May 1371
Ducal palace, Dijon, Burgundy
Died10 September 1419 (aged 48)
Montereau, France
Burial
Champmol, Dijon
Spouse
(m. 1385)
Issue
more...
HouseValois-Burgundy
FatherPhilip the Bold
MotherMargaret III of Flanders
ReligionRoman Catholicism

The involvement of Charles, the heir to the French throne, in his assassination prompted John's son and successor Philip to seek an alliance with the English, thereby bringing the Hundred Years' War to its final phase.


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