Joseph Kabila

Joseph Kabila Kabange (/kæˈblə/ kab-EE-lə, French: [ʒɔzɛf kabila]; born 4 June 1971) is a Congolese politician who served as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between January 2001 and January 2019. He took office ten days[1] after the assassination of his father, President Laurent-Désiré Kabila in the context of the Second Congo War. He was allowed to remain in power after the 2003 Pretoria Accord ended the war as the president of the country's new transitional government. He was elected as president in 2006 and re-elected in 2011 for a second term.[2] Since stepping down after the 2018 election, Kabila, as a former president, serves as a senator for life.[3][4]

Joseph Kabila
Kabila in 2016
4th President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
In office
17 January 2001  24 January 2019
Acting: 17 January 2001 – 26 January 2001
Prime MinisterAntoine Gizenga
Adolphe Muzito
Louis Alphonse Koyagialo (Acting)
Matata Ponyo Mapon
Samy Badibanga
Bruno Tshibala
Vice PresidentAzarias Ruberwa
Arthur Z'ahidi Ngoma
Abdoulaye Yerodia Ndombasi
Jean-Pierre Bemba (20032006)
Preceded byLaurent-Désiré Kabila
Succeeded byFélix Tshisekedi
Senator for life
Assumed office
15 March 2019
Personal details
Born
Joseph Kabila Kabange

(1971-06-04) 4 June 1971 (age 51)
Fizi, Congo-Léopoldville
(now South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Political partyPeople's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
Spouse
(m. 2006)
Alma materMakerere University
People's Liberation Army National Defense University
Military service
Allegiance DR Congo
Branch/serviceArmed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
RankMajor-general

Kabila's term was due to expire on 20 December 2016, according to the terms of the constitution adopted in 2006. Officials suggested that elections would be held in November 2016, but on 29 September 2016, the nation's electoral authority announced that the election would not be held until early 2018. Talk focused on the need for a census before holding elections.[5] In August 2018, Kabila announced that he would step down and not seek reelection in the December 2018 general election.[6] He was succeeded by Félix Tshisekedi in the country's first peaceful transition of power since independence.

While in power, Joseph Kabila faced continuous wars in eastern Congo and internal rebel forces supported by the neighboring governments of Uganda and Rwanda.


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