Joseph Muscat

Joseph Muscat KUOM (born 22 January 1974) is a Maltese politician who served as the prime minister of Malta from 2013 to 2020,[1][2] and as the leader of the Labour Party from June 2008 to January 2020.[3][4]

Joseph Muscat

Muscat in 2018
13th Prime Minister of Malta
In office
11 March 2013  13 January 2020
PresidentGeorge Abela
Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
George Vella
DeputyLouis Grech
Chris Fearne
Preceded byLawrence Gonzi
Succeeded byRobert Abela
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
6 June 2008  12 January 2020
Preceded byAlfred Sant
Succeeded byRobert Abela
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 October 2008  11 March 2013
PresidentEddie Fenech Adami George Abela
Prime MinisterLawrence Gonzi
Preceded byCharles Mangion (Acting); Alfred Sant
Succeeded byLawrence Gonzi (Acting); Simon Busuttil
Member of the European Parliament
In office
12 June 2004  25 September 2008
Personal details
Born (1974-01-22) 22 January 1974 (age 47)
Pietà, State of Malta
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Michelle Tanti
Children2
EducationUniversity of Malta
University of Bristol
WebsiteOfficial website

Muscat was re-elected as prime minister in the elections of 3 June 2017 (55.04% after 54.83% in 2013).[5] Previously he was a member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 2004 to 2008.[6] He was the leader of the opposition from October 2008 to March 2013.[7] Muscat identifies as a progressive and liberal politician, with pro-business leanings,[8] and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.[9]

Muscat succeeded Alfred Sant as party leader in 2008. He rebranded the Labour Party, which embraced an increasingly socially liberal and centrist position. The 2013 general election saw Muscat becoming Prime Minister in March 2013.[3] His premiership was marked for pulling together a national consensus for economic growth, based on a restructured Maltese economy. His administration led to large-scale changes to welfare and civil liberties, including the legalisation of same-sex marriage in July 2017.[10] Muscat presided over the rise of the Labour Party and its dominance in Maltese politics, and the relative decline of the Nationalist Party. He has been criticised by figures on both the left and right, and has been accused of political opportunism,[11] broken promises on meritocracy[12] and the environment,[13] as well as corruption allegations.[14] On 1 December 2019, under pressure from the 2019 street protests calling for his resignation in relation to the assassination of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia,[15][16] Muscat announced his resignation, and stepped down on 13 January 2020.[17]