Judo

Judo (柔道, jūdō, Japanese pronunciation: [dʑɯꜜːdoː], lit. "gentle way") is generally categorized as a modern Japanese martial art, which has since evolved into an Olympic and Paralympic event. The sport was created in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎) as a physical, mental, and moral pedagogy in Japan. With its origins coming from jujutsu, judo's most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down the opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue the opponent with a pin, or force the opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defences are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata, 形) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori, 乱取り). It was also referred to as Kanō Jiu-Jitsu until the introduction to the Olympic event. A judo practitioner is called a "judoka", and the judo uniform is called "judogi".

Judo
柔道
Kyuzo Mifune (left) and Kanō Jigorō (right)
FocusGrappling
HardnessFull contact
Country of originJapan
CreatorKanō Jigorō
Famous practitionersSee: List of judoka
ParenthoodVarious koryū Jujutsu schools, principally Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū, and Kitō-ryū
Ancestor arts
  • Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū
  • Yoshin ryu
  • Shiten ryu
  • Sekiguchi Ryu
  • Sosuishi Ryu
  • Fusen Ryu
  • Kito Ryu
  • Takenouchi Ryu
  • Miura Ryu
  • Kyushin Ryu
  • Ryōi Shintō-ryū
  • Tsutsumi Hozan Ryu
Descendant artsKosen judo, Bartitsu, Yoseikan Budō, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Sambo, ARB, CQC, Krav Maga, Kapap, Hapkido, Kūdō, MMA, modern Arnis, Luta Livre, shoot wrestling, submission wrestling, Vale Tudo
Olympic sport
  • Accepted as an Olympic sport in 1960 (see below)
  • Contested since 1964[1] (men) and 1992[2] (women)
Official website

The philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for other modern Japanese martial arts that developed from koryū (古流, traditional schools). Judo also spawned a number of derivative martial arts across the world, such as Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Krav Maga, Sambo and ARB. Judo also influenced other combat styles such as close-quarters combat (CQC), mixed martial arts (MMA), shoot wrestling and submission wrestling.