Judo at the Summer Olympics


Judo was first included in the Summer Olympic Games at the 1964 Games in Tokyo, Japan.[1] After not being included in 1968, judo has been an Olympic sport in each Olympiad since then. Only male judoka participated until the 1988 Summer Olympics, when women participated as a demonstration sport. Women judoka were first awarded medals at the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Judo at the Summer Olympics
Governing bodyIJF
Events14 (men: 7; women: 7)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952

Competition format

Judoka compete in weight classes. Each country may qualify a maximum of one athlete per weight class.[2] Gold and silver medals are awarded based on a single elimination bracket. Two bronze medals are awarded in each weight class; quarter-finalists losers fight against other in the same half of bracket. Losers finish in seventh place, winners advance to the bronze medal contest against losing semifinalist of the opposite half of the bracket. Winners of these contests receive bronze medal and losers finish in fifth place.

Weight classes

There have been between 4 and 8 Olympic weight classes over the years (currently 7), and the definition of each class has changed several times, as shown in the following table.

Men

19641972–1976 1980–1984  1988–1992 1996–2016 [3]
Open category
no weight limits
 
Heavyweight
+80 kg
Heavyweight
+93 kg
Heavyweight
+95 kg
Heavyweight
+100 kg
Half Heavyweight
90–100 kg
Half Heavyweight
86–95 kg
Half Heavyweight [4]
80–93 kg
Middleweight
81–90 kg
Middleweight
78–86 kg
Half Middleweight
73–81 kg
Middleweight
68–80 kg
Middleweight
70–80 kg
Half Middleweight
71–78 kg
Lightweight
66–73 kg
Lightweight
65–71 kg
Half Middleweight [5]
63–70 kg
Lightweight
-68 kg
Half Lightweight
60–66 kg
Half Lightweight
60–65 kg
Lightweight
-63 kg
Extra Lightweight
-60 kg
46877

Women

1992–19962000–2016 [3]
Heavyweight
+72 kg
Heavyweight
+78 kg
Half Heavyweight
70–78 kg
Half Heavyweight
66–72 kg
Middleweight
63–70 kg
Middleweight
61–66 kg
Half Middleweight
57–63 kg
Half Middleweight
56–61 kg
Lightweight
52–57 kg
Lightweight
52–56 kg
Half Lightweight
48–52 kg
Extra Lightweight
-48 kg
77

Medal table

Judoka from 55 nations have won medals, representing all 5 continents.[6]

Updated until 2016 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Japan (JPN)39192684
2 France (FRA)14102549
3 South Korea (KOR)11161643
4 China (CHN)831122
5 Cuba (CUB)6141636
6 Soviet Union (URS)551323
7 Russia (RUS)54716
8 Italy (ITA)44715
9 Brazil (BRA)431522
10 Netherlands (NED)421723
11 Poland (POL)3328
12 Germany (GER)321318
13 Georgia (GEO)3238
14 Spain (ESP)3126
15 United States (USA)24814
16 North Korea (PRK)2248
17 Austria (AUT)2215
18 Belgium (BEL)21912
19 Slovenia (SLO)2035
20 Unified Team (EUN)2024
21 West Germany (FRG)1438
22 Hungary (HUN)1359
23 Mongolia (MGL)1348
24 East Germany (GDR)1269
25 Romania (ROU)1236
26 Azerbaijan (AZE)1214
27 Switzerland (SUI)1124
28 Argentina (ARG)1012
 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Greece (GRE)1012
 Turkey (TUR)1012
32 Czech Republic (CZE)1001
 Kosovo (KOS)1001
34 Great Britain (GBR)081119
35 Uzbekistan (UZB)0246
36 Canada (CAN)0235
37 Kazakhstan (KAZ)0213
38 Israel (ISR)0145
39 Bulgaria (BUL)0123
 Ukraine (UKR)0123
41 Algeria (ALG)0112
 Colombia (COL)0112
 Egypt (EGY)0112
 United Team of Germany (EUA)0112
45 Slovakia (SVK)0101
46 Estonia (EST)0033
47 Australia (AUS)0022
 Portugal (POR)0022
 Yugoslavia (YUG)0022
50 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0011
 Iceland (ISL)0011
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0011
 Latvia (LAT)0011
 Tajikistan (TJK)0011
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)0011
Totals (55 nations)137136274547

Number of judoka by nation

Nation9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)               1113
 Albania (ALB)               112
 Algeria (ALG)               353671110259
 American Samoa (ASA)               1113
 Andorra (AND)               111115
 Angola (ANG)               741115
 Argentina (ARG)              3 12443989994214
 Armenia (ARM)               1112216
 Aruba (ARU)               11114
 Australia (AUS)              4 433332121412135713
 Austria (AUT)              3 64543653233513
 Azerbaijan (AZE)               2436866
 Barbados (BAR)               111115
 Belarus (BLR)               4574226
 Belgium (BEL)               42124979336512
 Belize (BIZ)               112
 Benin (BEN)               1113
 Bolivia (BOL)               112115
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)               11111117
 Botswana (BOT)               11
 Brazil (BRA)              1 237731412121213141413
 Bulgaria (BUL)               4425122129
 Burkina Faso (BUR)               111115
 Burundi (BDI)               112
 Cambodia (CAM)               11
 Cameroon (CMR)               561341118
 Canada (CAN)              1 558312116658712
 Cape Verde (CPV)               11
 Central African Republic (CAF)               312
 Chad (CHA)               212
 Chile (CHI)               1111116
 China (CHN)               52101111914889
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)               43210622129
 Colombia (COL)               132225
 Republic of the Congo (CGO)               31114
 Costa Rica (CRC)              2 134121119
 Croatia (CRO)               212
 Cuba (CUB)               33612121412149910
 Cyprus (CYP)               522215
 Czech Republic (CZE)               4312336
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)               125255
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)               61114
 Denmark (DEN)               112
 Djibouti (DJI)               2113
 Dominican Republic (DOM)               221435531110
 East Germany (GDR)               51624
 Ecuador (ECU)               1211223139
 Egypt (EGY)               6132364559
 El Salvador (ESA)               211211118
 Equatorial Guinea (GEQ)               11
 Estonia (EST)               11221117
 Fiji (FIJ)               241221118
 Finland (FIN)               1233711123111
 France (FRA)              4 517831414141313141413
 Gabon (GAB)               21211127
 The Gambia (GAM)               11
 Georgia (GEO)               6677786
 Germany (GER)              4 131311121111138
 Ghana (GHA)               112
 Great Britain (GBR)              4 53883141398714713
 Greece (GRE)               21143226
 Guam (GUM)               12114
 Guatemala (GUA)               21114
 Guinea (GUI)               31311117
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)               11
 Guyana (GUY)               112
 Haiti (HAI)               52122117
 Honduras (HON)               131115
 Hong Kong (HKG)               1434116
 Hungary (HUN)               51831276268811
 Iceland (ISL)               22311117
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)               412
 India (IND)               52112117
 Indonesia (INA)               412215
 Iran (IRI)               1366226
 Iraq (IRQ)               112
 Ireland (IRL)              1 52112218
 Israel (ISR)               1242353579
 Italy (ITA)              2 32152999989613
 Ivory Coast (CIV)               2223116
 Japan (JPN)              4 52831414141414141412
 Jordan (JOR)               11
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)               88810966
 Kenya (KEN)               2313
 Kosovo (KOS)               21
 Kuwait (KUW)               55222117
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)               2112226
 Laos (LAO)               11
 Latvia (LAT)               2112326
 Lebanon (LIB)               223241118
 Liberia (LBR)               11
 Libya (LBA)               211115
 Liechtenstein (LIE)               23222117
 Lithuania (LTU)               11111217
 Luxembourg (LUX)               11114
 Macedonia (MKD)               11
 Madagascar (MAD)               422111118
 Malaysia (MAS)              1 1
 Mali (MLI)               2312211119
 Malta (MLT)               221115
 Mauritius (MRI)               3113
 Mexico (MEX)              3 31242121322213
 Moldova (MDA)               2411216
 Monaco (MON)               1111116
 Mongolia (MGL)               5283103881091311
 Montenegro (MNE)               1113
 Morocco (MAR)               313232243310
 Mozambique (MOZ)               112
 Myanmar (MYA)               1113
 Nauru (NRU)               112
 Nepal (NEP)               2113
 Netherlands (NED)              4 323110101071091112
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)               212
 New Zealand (NZL)               1314231119
 Nicaragua (NCA)               1123
 Niger (NIG)               1113
 Nigeria (NGR)               1211216
 North Korea (PRK)               214315671310
 North Yemen (YAR)               21
 Norway (NOR)               312
 Pakistan (PAK)               11
 Palau (PLW)               11
 Palestine (PLE)               112
 Panama (PAN)              1 113
 Papua New Guinea (PNG)               112
 Paraguay (PAR)               111115
 Peru (PER)               111115
 Philippines (PHI)              4 312116
 Poland (POL)               557311124676411
 Portugal (POR)              1 232856454611
 Puerto Rico (PUR)               3123444331211
 Qatar (QAT)               11
 Refugee Olympic Team (ROT)               21
 Republic of China (ROC)              4 42
 Romania (ROU)               8365742649
 Russia (RUS)               1310111312126
 Rwanda (RWA)               11
 Samoa (SAM)               1213
 San Marino (SMR)               2221116
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)               223
 Senegal (SEN)               52762621141112
 Serbia (SRB)               112
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)               212
 Seychelles (SEY)               11114
 Singapore (SGP)               11
 Slovakia (SVK)               212115
 Slovenia (SLO)               255855
 South Africa (RSA)               1113116
 South Korea (KOR)              4 21831411121314141212
 Soviet Union (URS)              3 51835
 Spain (ESP)               1262129121066511
 Sri Lanka (SRI)               11
 Sudan (SUD)               212
 Suriname (SUR)               11114
 Sweden (SWE)               1144161111411
 Switzerland (SUI)              1 42514212310
 Syria (SYR)               7113
 Tajikistan (TJK)               33224
 Tanzania (TAN)               11
 Thailand (THA)              3 1121117
 Togo (TOG)               1113
 Tonga (TGA)               11
 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)               11
 Tunisia (TUN)              1 316946449
 Turkey (TUR)               3346331249
 Turkmenistan (TKM)               2212126
 Ukraine (UKR)               36891076
 Unified Team (EUN)               131
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)               1133
 United States (USA)              5 528313141312105612
 Uruguay (URU)               121115
 Uzbekistan (UZB)               7668786
 Vanuatu (VAN)               112
 Venezuela (VEN)              1 11339972110
 Vietnam (VIE)              3 1114
 West Germany (FRG)               52834
 Yemen (YEM)               51114
 Yugoslavia (YUG)               4165116
 Zambia (ZAM)               61114
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)               2123
Year9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620

See also

References

  1. Grant, T.P. "History of Jiu Jitsu: Judo Grows Into An Olympic Sport". Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  2. "QUALIFICATION SYSTEM – GAMES OF THE XXXI OLYMPIAD – RIO 2016" (PDF). Intjudo.eu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  3. "Weight classes for 2016 Games" (PDF). Multimedia.olympic.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  4. Called "Light Heavyweight" in official reports for 1972 and 1976 Games.
  5. Called "Welterweight" in 1972 Games official report and "Light Middleweight" in 1976 Games official report.
  6. "Judo - Olympics at Sports-Reference.com". (Note: Source counts two medals won by EUA for GER.)