Julius Streicher

Julius Streicher (12 February 1885 – 16 October 1946) was a member of the Nazi Party, the Gauleiter (regional leader) of Franconia and a member of the Reichstag, the national legislature. He was the founder and publisher of the virulently antisemitic newspaper Der Stürmer, which became a central element of the Nazi propaganda machine. The publishing firm was financially very successful and made Streicher a multi-millionaire.[1]

Julius Streicher
Gauleiter of Franconia
In office
1 March 1929  16 February 1940
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byHans Zimmermann
(acting, 1940)
Karl Holz
(acting from 1942, permanent from 1944)
Gauleiter of Nuremberg-Fürth
In office
1 October 1928  1 March 1929
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byHimself
Gauleiter of Nordbayern
In office
2 April 1925  1 October 1928
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byHimself
Personal details
Born(1885-02-12)12 February 1885
Fleinhausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died16 October 1946(1946-10-16) (aged 61)
Nuremberg, Bavaria,
Allied-occupied Germany
Cause of deathExecution by hanging
Political partyNSDAP (1921–1945)
Other political
DSP (1918–1921)
Kunigunde Roth
(m. 1913; died 1943)

Adele Tappe
(m. 1945)
ParentsFriedrich Streicher
Anna Weiss
Known forPublisher of propaganda
Military service
Allegiance German Empire
Branch/service Imperial German Army
Years of service1914–1918
Unit6th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsWorld War I
AwardsIron Cross

At the end of the war Streicher was convicted of crimes against humanity in the Nuremberg trials, and was executed.[2] Streicher was the first member of the Nazi regime held accountable for inciting genocide by the Nuremberg Tribunal.