June 2012 Greek legislative election

The June 2012 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 17 June,[1] to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution, after all attempts to form a new government failed following the May election. If all attempts to form a new government fails, the constitution directs the president to dissolve a newly elected parliament, and then to call for new parliamentary elections within 30 days of the dissolution. The president announced at 16 May the date for the new election, and signed the formal decree to dissolve the parliament and call for the election at 19 May.

June 2012 Greek legislative election

 May 2012 17 June 2012 January 2015 

All 300 seats of the Hellenic Parliament
151 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered9,947,876 0.0%
Turnout6,216,798 (62.5%)
2.6 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Antonis Samaras Alexis Tsipras Evangelos Venizelos
Leader since 30 November 2009 9 February 2008 18 March 2012
Leader's seat Messenia Athens A Thessaloniki A
Last election 108 seats, 18.85% 52 seats, 16.78% 41 seats, 13.18%
Seats won 129 71 33
Seat change 21 19 8
Popular vote 1,825,497 1,655,022 756,024
Percentage 29.66% 26.9% 12.28%
Swing 10.81 pp 10.11 pp 0.90 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Panos Kammenos Nikolaos Michaloliakos Fotis Kouvelis
Leader since 24 February 2012 1 November 1993 27 June 2010
Leader's seat Athens B Athens A Athens B
Last election 33 seats, 10.61% 21 seats, 6.97% 19 seats, 6.11%
Seats won 20 18 17
Seat change 13 3 2
Popular vote 462,406 426,025 384,986
Percentage 7.51% 6.92% 6.26%
Swing 3.10 pp 0.05 pp 0.15 pp

  Seventh party
Leader Aleka Papariga
Party KKE
Leader since 27 February 1991
Leader's seat Athens B
Last election 26 seats, 8.47%
Seats won 12
Seat change 14
Popular vote 277,227
Percentage 4.50%
Swing 3.95 pp

Map of electoral districts, showing the largest party by share of votes. Darker shades indicate stronger vote share.

Prime Minister before election

Panagiotis Pikrammenos (interim)

Elected Prime Minister

Antonis Samaras

Compared to the previous election a month earlier, the centre-right New Democracy and left-wing Syriza made significant gains to the detriment of all other parties. ND remained the largest party with 30% of the vote, while Syriza consolidated its gains and took 27%. Centre-left PASOK, which had suffered crushing losses in the previous election in May, failed to make any recovery. The right-wing populist Independent Greeks (ANEL) and Communist Party of Greece (KKE) declined, while the Neo-Nazi Golden Dawn (XA) and the Democratic Left (DIMAR) stayed static in terms of vote share, though both lost seats.

No party achieved the 151 seats needed for an overall majority, though New Democracy held a strong plurality of 43% thanks to Greece's majority bonus system. As outlined by the constitution, the largest party led the first negotiations to try and form a new government. ND leader Antonis Samaras invited all elected parties except XA to participate in a unity government which, while respecting the existing bailout agreement ratified in February 2012, would attempt to renegotiate the austerity terms of the agreement as its highest priority. Syriza rejected participation, but Samaras was ultimately able to form a coalition comprising ND, PASOK, and DIMAR on 20 June. He became Prime Minister in a cabinet of New Democracy politicians and several independent technocrats, two of whom were nominated by DIMAR, while PASOK chose to remain outside cabinet.