June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake

An earthquake measuring moment magnitude (Mw) 6.2 struck southeastern Afghanistan on 22 June 2022 at 01:24:36 AFT (on 21 June 2022 at 20:54:36 UTC).[1] It affected Paktika and Khost provinces, and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It was felt over 500 km (310 mi) away by at least 119 million people,[2] including in Pakistan's Punjab and in parts of India and Iran.[3][4] According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the earthquake had a maximum Modified Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).[5]

June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake
UTC time2022-06-21 20:54:36
ISC event624496986
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local date2022-06-22 (2022-06-22)
Local time01:24:36 (UTC+04:30)
01:54:36 (UTC+05:00)
Magnitude6.2 Mw
5.9 Mwb
Depth10.0 km (6.2 mi)
Epicenter33.092°N 69.514°E / 33.092; 69.514
TypeStrike-slip
Max. intensityIX (Violent)
Casualties
  • 1,150 dead, 3,000+ injured in Afghanistan
  • 13 dead, 27 injured in Pakistan
  • 1,163 dead, 3,027+ injured (total)

At least 1,163 people died and more than 3,000 others were injured throughout eastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan,[6][7][8] making it the deadliest earthquake in 2022 and the deadliest earthquake in Afghanistan since 1998.[9][10] At least 10,000 homes were heavily damaged or totally destroyed.[11] The earthquake was very destructive relative to its magnitude, due to its shallow hypocenter underneath a densely populated area prone to landslides, in which low-quality buildings made of wood and mud are not earthquake-resistant.[9]

The Gayan and Barmal districts of Paktika Province were the most affected, with at least 238 and 500 deaths, respectively.[12][13] In Gayan, approximately 1,800 homes, or 70 percent of the district's homes, were destroyed. Three days later, a magnitude 4.3 aftershock killed five persons and wounded 11 more in Gayan District.[14][15][16]


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