Kamwina Nsapu rebellion

The Kamwina Nsapu rebellion, also spelled Kamuina Nsapu rebellion,[14] was an uprising that took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 2016 and 2019. It was instigated by the Kamwina Nsapu militia against state security forces [15] in the provinces of Kasaï-Central, Kasaï, Kasaï-Oriental, Lomami and Sankuru.[16][12] The fighting began after the militia, led by Kamwina Nsapu, attacked security forces in August 2016.

Kamwina Nsapu rebellion

Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo affected by the rebellion at its peak (dark red).
Date8 August 2016 – c. 2019
(c. 3 years)
Result Government victory

Kamwina Nsapu rebels[1]

  • Various independent militias[2]

 DR Congo
Allied militias:

Commanders and leaders

Jean-Pierre Mpandi "Kamwina Nsapu" [6]

No central leader since August 2016[6]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila (until Jan. 2019)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Félix Tshisekedi (from Jan. 2019)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Gen. Dieudonné Banze
Democratic Republic of the Congo Gen. Éric Ruhorimbere[7]
Units involved

Congolese security forces

10,000+[10] Thousands[1]
Casualties and losses
Thousands killed, captured, and surrendered Hundreds killed and wounded
Killed in total: c. 5,000 (UN estimate by August 2018);[5] 3,300+ (Catholic Church estimate by June 2017)[11][9]
Displaced: 1.09 million internally,[12] 35,000 to Angola[13]

There was an ethnic aspect to the conflict:[14] the rebels were mostly Luba[15] and had selectively killed non-Luba.[17]

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