Kamwina Nsapu rebellion
The Kamwina Nsapu rebellion, also spelled Kamuina Nsapu rebellion, was an uprising that took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 2016 and 2019. It was instigated by the Kamwina Nsapu militia against state security forces  in the provinces of Kasaï-Central, Kasaï, Kasaï-Oriental, Lomami and Sankuru. The fighting began after the militia, led by Kamwina Nsapu, attacked security forces in August 2016.
|Kamwina Nsapu rebellion|
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo affected by the rebellion at its peak (dark red).
Kamwina Nsapu rebels
|Commanders and leaders|
Jean-Pierre Mpandi "Kamwina Nsapu" †
No central leader since August 2016
Joseph Kabila (until Jan. 2019)|
Félix Tshisekedi (from Jan. 2019)
Gen. Dieudonné Banze
Gen. Éric Ruhorimbere
Congolese security forces
|Casualties and losses|
|Thousands killed, captured, and surrendered||Hundreds killed and wounded|
Killed in total: c. 5,000 (UN estimate by August 2018); 3,300+ (Catholic Church estimate by June 2017)|
Displaced: 1.09 million internally, 35,000 to Angola
There was an ethnic aspect to the conflict: the rebels were mostly Luba and had selectively killed non-Luba.