Katanga Province

Katanga was one of the four large provinces created in the Belgian Congo in 1914. It was one of the eleven provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1966 and 2015, when it was split into the Tanganyika, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, and Haut-Katanga provinces. Between 1971 and 1997 (during the rule of Mobutu Sese Seko when Congo was known as Zaïre), its official name was Shaba Province.[1]

Katanga Province
Province du Katanga
Congo provinces in 1914
Coordinates: 09°S 26°E
Country DR Congo
Established1966 (1966)
Dissolved2015 (2015)
CapitalLubumbashi
Largest cityLubumbashi
Area
  Total496,871 km2 (191,843 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 est.)
  Total5,608,683
  Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
DemonymKatangese
Official:French
National:Swahili
Other:Bemba
English
Malachite specimen, showing the original botryoidal form and a polished face of the opposite half of the specimen. Mines in the vicinity of Kolwezi supply much of the polishing-grade malachite in the world.
Another malachite specimen from Katanga, on display at the Royal Ontario Museum.

Katanga's area encompassed 497,000 square kilometres (192,000 sq mi). Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau. The eastern part of the province is considered to be a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium, and diamonds. The region's former capital, Lubumbashi, is the second-largest city in the Congo.[2][3]


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