Katanga insurgency

The Katanga insurgency refers to the ongoing rebellion by a number of rebel groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, some of which aim for the creation of a separate state within Katanga. While the insurgency has been active in various forms since 1963, insurgent groups have recently redoubled their efforts after the 2011 jail break that freed Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga, who commanded the majority of the Katangese separatist groups until his surrender to Congolese authorities in October 2016.[15]

Katanga Insurgency

Mai Mai militants surrendering in northern Katanga.
Date1963 – present
(58 years)
Location
Result Ongoing
Belligerents
Congo-Léopoldville (until 1971)
 Zaire (1971–1997)
 DR Congo (from 1997)
ONUC (until 1964)
MONUSCO (since 1999)
Self-defence groups[1]

Katangese factions:

Alleged Support:
FARDC elemens[3]
Katangese businessmen[3]


FDLR
Mai Mai Yakutumba[4][5]
CNPSC
Commanders and leaders
Mobutu Sese Seko (until 1997)
Joseph Kabila
Félix Tshisekedi
Jean Claude Kifwa
Pacifique Masunzu[6]
Rombault Nsiona[7]
Martin Kobler

Moïse Tshombe (POW) (until 1967)
Nathaniel Mbumba (until 1990s)
Gédéon Kyungu  (until October 2016)
Ferdinand Tanda Imena[8]
Alain Ilunga Mukalyi (POW)
Yesu Mulongo 
Fidel Ntumbi (POW)


Sylvestre Mudacumura[9]

Callixte Mbarushimana
Ignace Murwanashyaka[10][11]
Strength

150,000 FARDC
670 MONUSCO[12]

6,000–7,000 (FLNC, 1977)[14]
1,000–3,000 (2000s)
Casualties and losses
Unknown Thousands killed

Since 2000, FDLR insurgents have been engaged in a low level military conflict with the FARDC and various Katangese separatist groups; the FDLR are mostly active in the north-eastern portion of Katanga province near the border with South Kivu. The conflict in the region has caused an exodus of around 600,000 refugees to various other parts of the DRC, and an unknown number of civilians have died as a result of the conflict.