Katie Beckett Medicaid waiver
A Katie Beckett waiver or TEFRA waiver is a Medicaid waiver concerning the income eligibility for home-based Medicaid services for children under the age of nineteen. Prior to the Katie Beckett waiver, if a child with significant medical needs received treatment at home, the child's income would be deemed to include the parents' entire financial resources for the purposes of determining Medicaid eligibility. Only after a hospitalization lasting more than thirty days would the parents' income no longer be associated with the child, allowing the child to then qualify for Medicaid coverage. The effect was that many families, unable to afford home treatment, kept their children in costly hospital settings in order to meet the Medicaid 30-day requirement. Katie Beckett waivers allow Medicaid to cover medical services for children in the home, regardless of the parents' income, in cases where home-based treatment will cost less than or the same as treatment in a hospital.
This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, the article notes that this waiver covers children under age 19 (0-18), and individuals older than 19 (20+) can transition, but what about those who are 19? They're neither under nor over.. (June 2022)
The waiver is named for Katie Beckett, a three-year-old who was hospitalized from infancy so she could receive ventilator assistance after a viral encephalitis infection left her partially paralyzed in a way that affected her ability to breathe. When her situation came to the attention of the newly elected Reagan administration, then preparing its first budget, the administration seized the story as a way to deregulate and reduce the costs of Medicaid.
The waiver is also called a TEFRA waiver because it was passed as a provision of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982. Disabled people can transition to Medicaid Home and Home and Community-Based Services Waivers after age nineteen.