Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic[note 1] was one of the transcontinental constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1991 in northern Central Asia. It was created on 5 December 1936 from the Kazakh ASSR, an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR.

Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic[note 1]
Қазақ Кеңестік Социалистік Республикасы (Kazakh)
Казахская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
Motto: "Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер!"
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
Anthem: "Қазақ Советтік Социалистік Республикасінің мемлекеттік гимні"
"State Anthem of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic"

Location of Kazakhstan (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusSoviet socialist republic
and largest city
Official languagesKazakh · Russian
Minority languagesUzbek · Uyghur · Tatar · Kyrgyz · Azerbaijani · Korean
State atheism
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party soviet republic (1936–1990)
Unitary Marxist-Leninist presidential republic (1990–1991)
Levon Mirzoyan (first)
Nursultan Nazarbayev (last)
Uraz Isayev (first)
Uzakbay Karamanov (last)
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
 Elevation to a Union Republic
5 December 1936
16 December 1986
 Sovereignty declared
25 October 1990
10 December 1991
 Independence declared
16 December 1991
 Independence recognized
26 December 1991
19902,717,300 km2 (1,049,200 sq mi)
HDI (1991)0.684
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Time zone(UTC+4 to +6)
Calling code7 31/32/330/33622
ISO 3166 codeKZ
Internet TLD.su
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kazakh ASSR
Today part ofKazakhstan

At 2,717,300 square kilometres (1,049,200 sq mi) in area, it was the second-largest republic in the USSR, after the Russian SFSR. Its capital was Alma-Ata (today known as Almaty). Today it is the independent nation of Kazakhstan. During its existence as a Soviet Socialist Republic, it was ruled by the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR.

On 25 October 1990, the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR declared its sovereignty on its soil. Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected as president – a role he remained in for the next 29 years.

The Kazakh SSR was renamed the Republic of Kazakhstan on 10 December 1991, which declared its independence six days later, as the last republic to leave the USSR on 16 December 1991. The Soviet Union was disbanded on 26 December 1991 by the Soviet of the Republics. The Republic of Kazakhstan, the legal successor to the Kazakh SSR, was admitted to the United Nations on 2 March 1992.