Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the transcontinental constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1991 in northern Central Asia. It was created on 5 December 1936 from the Kazakh ASSR, an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR.
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|Motto: "Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер!"|
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
|Anthem: "Қазақ Советтік Социалистік Республикасінің мемлекеттік гимні"|
"State Anthem of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic"
|Status||Soviet socialist republic|
and largest city
|Official languages||Kazakh · Russian|
|Minority languages||Uzbek · Uyghur · Tatar · Kyrgyz · Azerbaijani · Korean|
|Government||Unitary Marxist-Leninist single-party soviet republic (1936–1990)|
Unitary Marxist-Leninist presidential republic (1990–1991)
|Levon Mirzoyan (first)|
|Nursultan Nazarbayev (last)|
|Uraz Isayev (first)|
|Uzakbay Karamanov (last)|
• Elevation to a Union Republic
|5 December 1936|
|16 December 1986|
• Sovereignty declared
|25 October 1990|
• Renamed Republic of Kazakhstan
|10 December 1991|
• Independence declared
|16 December 1991|
• Independence recognized
|26 December 1991|
|1990||2,717,300 km2 (1,049,200 sq mi)|
|Currency||Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)|
|Time zone||(UTC+4 to +6)|
|Calling code||7 31/32/330/33622|
|ISO 3166 code||KZ|
|Today part of||Kazakhstan|
|History of Kazakhstan|
|Colonization and post-nomadic period|
At 2,717,300 square kilometres (1,049,200 sq mi) in area, it was the second-largest republic in the USSR, after the Russian SFSR. Its capital was Alma-Ata (today known as Almaty). Today it is the independent nation of Kazakhstan. During its existence as a Soviet Socialist Republic, it was ruled by the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR.
The Kazakh SSR was renamed the Republic of Kazakhstan on 10 December 1991, which declared its independence six days later, as the last republic to leave the USSR on 16 December 1991. The Soviet Union was disbanded on 26 December 1991 by the Soviet of the Republics. The Republic of Kazakhstan, the legal successor to the Kazakh SSR, was admitted to the United Nations on 2 March 1992.