The Kazakhs (also spelled Qazaqs; Kazakh: sg. Қазақ, Qazaq, [qɑˈzɑq] (listen), pl. Қазақтар, Qazaqtar, [qɑzɑqˈtɑr] (listen); the English name is transliterated from Russian; Russian: Казахи) are a Turkic ethnic group who mainly inhabit the Ural Mountains and northern parts of Central and East Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also parts of Russia, Uzbekistan, Mongolia and China) in Eurasia. Kazakh identity is of medieval origin and was strongly shaped by the foundation of the Kazakh Khanate between 1456 and 1465, when several tribes under the rule of the sultans Janibek and Kerey departed from the Khanate of Abu'l-Khayr Khan in hopes of forming a powerful Islamic empire of their own. Other notable Kazakh khans include Ablai Khan and Abul Khair Khan.



Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Kazakhstan 12,212,645 (2021)[2]
 United States24,636[8]
 Czech Republic5,639[13]
 United Arab Emirates5,000[15]
Sunni Islam[20]
Related ethnic groups
Nogais and the Karakalpaks

The Kazakhs are descendants of ancient Turkic tribes – Kipchaks[21] and medieval Mongolic or Turco-Mongol tribes – Dughlats, Jalairs, Keraits.[22]

Kazakh is used to refer to ethnic Kazakhs, while the term Kazakhstani usually refers to all inhabitants or citizens of Kazakhstan, regardless of ethnicity.[23][24]