Kazuo Shiraga


Kazuo Shiraga (白髪 一雄, Shiraga Kazuo, August 12, 1924 – April 8, 2008) was a Japanese modern artist who belonged to the Gutai group of avant-garde artists. He was acknowledged internationally only after his death.

Kazuo Shiraga
Native name
白髪 一雄
Born(1924-08-12)August 12, 1924
Amagasaki, Japan
DiedApril 8, 2008(2008-04-08) (aged 83)
Amagasaki, Japan
OccupationPainter
NationalityJapanese

Introduction


Shiraga is said to have seen the viscosity of tube-ready oil paint as "free." This is compared to the paints he was forced to use in painting school, which were thin ink-based paints. Shiraga would experiment by using his hands and fingers with oil paints in his younger years.[citation needed]

Early life


In the 1940s he studied Nihonga at the Kyoto City University of Arts. In 1953 he founded the group "Zero Kai" with Akira Kanayama, Atsuko Tanaka and Saburo Murakami which merged with Gutai in 1955.[1]

Gutai and painting with feet


Shiraga created one work by using his whole body to leave impressions in wet mud, called Challenging Mud.[2] For over ten years, from 1956 to 1966, his Performance Paintings were largely painted with his feet.


Takao (1959)
Tentaisei Soushiko(1960)

The Katana swordsmiths series


In the early sixties, Shiraga started an interesting series of works dedicated to famous japanese Katana makers from the 14th and 15th century: Yukimitsu (行光), Kanemitsu (兼光), Kaneyoshi (兼吉), Sadamune (貞宗), Kanesada (兼定). His paintings bear on the back the name of the swordsmith enclosed in a stylised cartouche in the shape of a katana.

Kanemitsu (1961)

Becoming a Monk


1971-72 he lived as a Buddhist monk. His technique during this period evolved a bit with the presence a scraping sometime in a circular movement that is not unlike the one used by Gerard Richter. But this period - characterized also by duller colors during the seventies.

Also typical for this period is the use of wood as a support to replace the canvas.

progressively from eighties : the return of bright colors


After the seventies from the eighties bright color return sometime almost monochrome (using one main color on the canvas). The results are very pleasing and commercially successful. Also large size canvas are more frequent during this late period.

Auctions and notable sales


In December 2014 his prime-period 1961 abstract, “Chijikusei Gotenrai,” was sold for 3.25 million euros, about $3.7 million.[3] Those prices would later be topped first in 2015 where the 5 million mark was achieved finally with current world record being for Takao a 1959 piece that sold in June 2018 in Paris for 8.7 million euros. followed by Tentaisei Soushiko, 1960 that sold for 7.8 million euros .


Awards


  • 2002: Osaka Art Prize

References


  1. Artnet
  2. Goldberg, Roselee (2004). Performance: live art since the 60s. Thames & Hudson. p. 17.
  3. New York Times, Feb. 27, 2015; Scott Reyburn "Art World Rediscovers Kazuo Shiraga"

6. Namiko Kunimoto, “Shiraga Kazuo: The Hero and Concrete Violence” Art History, 36, no. 1 (February 2013): 154-179. https://www.academia.edu/3488984/Shiraga_Kazuo_The_Hero_and_Concrete_Violence