Keechaka Vadham

Keechaka Vadham (transl.The Extermination of Keechaka)[5] is an Indian silent film produced, directed, filmed and edited by R. Nataraja Mudaliar. The first film to have been made in South India, it was shot in five weeks at Nataraja Mudaliar's production house, India Film Company. As the members of the cast were Tamils, Keechaka Vadham is considered to be the first Tamil film. No print of it is known to have survived, making it a lost film.

Keechaka Vadham
Directed byR. Nataraja Mudaliar
Written byC. Rangavadivelu
Produced byR. Nataraja Mudaliar
  • Raju Mudaliar
  • Jeevarathnam
CinematographyR. Nataraja Mudaliar
Edited byR. Nataraja Mudaliar
India Film Company
Release date
1917–1918[lower-alpha 1]
Box office50,000[4]

The screenplay, written by C. Rangavadivelu, is based on an episode from the Virata Parva segment of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, focusing on Keechaka's attempts to woo Draupadi. The film stars Raju Mudaliar and Jeevarathnam as the central characters.

Released in the late 1910s, Keechaka Vadham was commercially successful and received positive critical feedback. The film's success prompted Nataraja Mudaliar to make a series of similar historical films, which laid the foundation for the South Indian cinema industry and led to his being recognised as "the father of Tamil cinema." Nataraja Mudaliar's works were an inspiration to other filmmakers including Raghupathi Surya Prakasa and J. C. Daniel.