Keith Joseph

Keith Sinjohn Joseph, Baron Joseph, CH, PC (17 January 1918 – 10 December 1994), known as Sir Keith Joseph, 2nd Baronet, for most of his political life, was a British barrister and politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Cabinet under four prime ministers: Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher. He was a key influence in the creation of what came to be known as "Thatcherism".[2]

The Lord Joseph

Joseph in 1964
Secretary of State for Education and Science
In office
11 September 1981  21 May 1986
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byMark Carlisle
Succeeded byKenneth Baker
Secretary of State for Industry
In office
4 May 1979  11 September 1981
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byEric Varley
Succeeded byPatrick Jenkin
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
13 June 1974  11 February 1975
LeaderEdward Heath
Preceded byJim Prior
Succeeded byIan Gilmour
Secretary of State for Health and Social Services
In office
20 June 1970  4 March 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byRichard Crossman
Succeeded byBarbara Castle
Minister for Housing and Local Government
In office
13 July 1962  16 October 1964
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded byCharles Hill
Succeeded byRichard Crossman
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
12 October 1987  10 December 1994
Life peerage
Member of Parliament
for Leeds North East
In office
9 February 1956  18 May 1987
Preceded byOsbert Peake
Succeeded byTimothy Kirkhope
Personal details
Keith Sinjohn Joseph[1]

(1918-01-17)17 January 1918
London, United Kingdom
Died10 December 1994(1994-12-10) (aged 76)
London, United Kingdom
Political partyConservative
Hellen Guggenheimer
(m. 1951; div. 1985)

Yolanda Castro Sherriff
(m. 1990)
Alma materMagdalen College, Oxford

Keith Joseph was the first to introduce the concept of the social market economy into Britain, an economic and social system inspired by Christian democracy.[3] He also co-founded the Centre for Policy Studies writing its first publication: Why Britain needs a Social Market Economy.[4]