The name of Kentish Town is probably derived from Ken-ditch or Caen-ditch, meaning the "bed of a waterway" and is otherwise unrelated to Kent. In researching the meaning of Ken-ditch, it has also been noted that ken is the Celtic word for both "green" and "river", while ditch refers to the River Fleet, now a subterranean river. However, another theory is the name comes from its position near the Fleet; it has been suggested that Kentish Town, which lies in between two forks of the Fleet, takes its name from cant or cantle (from the Middle English meaning "corner").
Kentish Town was originally a small settlement on the River Fleet (the waterway is now one of London's underground rivers). It is first recorded during the reign of King John (1207) as kentisston. By 1456 Kentish Town was a thriving hamlet. In this period a chapel of ease was built for its inhabitants.
The early 19th century brought modernisation, causing much of the area's rural qualities, the River Fleet and the 18th-century buildings to vanish, although pockets still remain, for example Little Green Street. Between the availability of public transport to it from London, and its urbanisation, it was a popular resort.
Large amounts of land were purchased to build the railway, which can still be seen today. Kentish Town was a prime site for development as the Kentish Town Road was a major route from London northwards. Karl Marx was a famous resident, living at 46 Grafton Terrace from 1856. Jenny Marx described this eight-room house in Kentish Town as "A truly princely dwelling, compared with the holes we used to live in" (March 11, 1861 letter by Jenny Marx, quoted in Rachel Holmes, "Eleanor Marx: A Life", Bloomsbury Books, London, 2014,P 10).
1877 saw the beginning of mission work in the area as it was then poor. The mission first held their services outside but as their funding increased they built a mission house, chapel, and vicarage. One mission house of the area was Lyndhurst Hall which remained in use before being taken over by the Council. The Council wished it to sell it for residential use, and the hall was demolished in 2006.
During the 19th century and early 20th century the area of Kentish Town became the home of several piano and organ manufacturers,[who?] and was described by The Piano Journal in 1901 as "...that healthful suburb dear to the heart of the piano maker".
A network of streets in the East of Kentish Town has streets named after places or persons connected with Christ Church, Oxford viz: Oseney, Busby, Gaisford, Caversham, Islip, Wolsey, Frideswide, Peckwater & Hammond. All these streets lay behind the Oxford Arms. Some of the freehold of these streets is still in the name of Christ Church Oxford.
A network of streets in the north of Kentish Town was part of a large estate owned by St John's College, Cambridge. Lady Margaret Road is named after Lady Margaret Beaufort, foundress of St John's College. Burghley Road is named after Lord Burghley, Chancellor to Elizabeth I and benefactor of St John's. Similarly, College Lane, Evangelist Road and Lady Somerset Road are street names linked to the estate of St John's College.
In 1912 the Church of St Silas the Martyr (designed by architect Ernest Charles Shearman) was finally erected and consecrated, and by December of that year it became a parish in its own right. It can still be seen today along with the church of St Luke with St Paul and the Church of St Barnabas (handed over to the Greek Orthodox Church in 1957). The present Church of England parish church is St Benet and All Saints, Lupton Street.
In his poem Parliament Hill Fields, Sir John Betjeman refers to "the curious Anglo-Norman parish church of Kentish Town". This possibly refers to the former parish Church of St John Kentish Town.
Kentish Town Road contains one of London's many disused Tube stations. South Kentish Town tube station was closed in June 1924 after strike action at the Lots Road power station meant the lift could not be used. It never reopened as a station, although it was used as an air raid shelter during World War II. The distinctive building is now occupied underground by a massage shop and on ground level by a 'Cash Converters' pawn shop at the corner of Kentish Town Road and Castle Road. There have been proposals to rebuild the station.
Kentish Town is part of the Holborn and St Pancras seat which is currently held by Labour Party MP Keir Starmer as of May 2015. Although considered traditional Labour heartland, the area has maintained a strong centrist vote. Kentish Town was an early base for the Social Democratic Party and in recent years the increasingly middle class population has returned large votes for the Green and Liberal Democrat parties. In May 2006 the Liberal Democrats won two of the three Council seats in Kentish Town, strengthening this hold by taking the final seat in a by-election in November of the same year. In the Council elections in May 2010, Labour regained all three Council seats.
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In 2002 the comedy and drama film About a Boy was filmed in Lady Margaret Road, which is located at the top of Kentish Town, and Oseney Crescent. Many of the filming locations used in the 2006 film Venus, starring Peter O'Toole, Leslie Phillips, and Jodie Whittaker were in Kentish Town. In 1959 Lady Somerset Road and Oakford Road were used substantially for the filming of Sapphire, a film exploring racial tension in London, directed by Basil Dearden. The Assembly House pub was the location for the 1971 film Villain starring Richard Burton. The 1993 comedy Bad Behaviour, featuring Stephen Rea and Sinéad Cusack, was set in Kentish Town and includes scenes set in several local streets and the Owl Bookshop.
The 1947 Ealing Studios film It Always Rains on Sunday had scenes shot in Clarence Way during 1944 or 46 showing Holy Trinity Church with just the lower part of its spire still intact following the destruction of the upper section of the spire in WWII. The entire spire has since been removed leaving the church, effectively, with a tower. Kentish Town was also used as the location for the BBC comedy series Gimme Gimme Gimme with its main protagonists Tom and Linda living with their ex prostitute landlord and upstairs neighbour Beryl at the fictional and suggestively named "69 Paradise Passage". In addition, the video of the Madness track "Baggy Trousers" was filmed at Islip Street School and the park in Kentish Town.
The Anglican Parish Church of St John Kentish Town, now known as "Christs Apostolic Church", was used by Only Fools and Horses as the backdrop (in external scenes) exterior of the Church where Damien was Christened.
Shops and businesses
In 2005, a survey of Kentish Town by the local Green Party claimed that out of 87 shops on Kentish Town Road (locally known as Kentish Town High Street), 53 were still independently owned. The high street is a mixture of national retail chains and independent shops, including a long-standing bookshop, several delis and organic stores. Many 'World Food' shops have opened up on the street. However, since 2009 there has been a marked increase in independent shops being replaced with chain stores including Pret a Manger, Costa Coffee, Caffe Nero and Sainsbury's.
Kentish Town Health Centre
An architectural design competition was launched by RIBA Competitions and Camden Primary Care Trust and James Wigg Practice to design a new integrated care centre in Kentish Town that would deliver a flagship building, new models of care, enhance integrated working and provide a model for future delivery of primary care throughout the country. Through this process Architects AHMM were selected and the building opened in 2008 and has since been credited with a number of awards including RIBA Award for Architecture 2009 and Building Magazine Public Building Project of the Year 2010.
Culture, bars and music
Pub rock is usually traced back to the "Tally Ho" in Kentish Town, a former jazz pub, where Eggs over Easy started playing in May 1971, and were soon joined by Bees Make Honey, Brinsley Schwarz, Max Merritt and the Meteors, Ducks Deluxe and others. Other music pubs include the Bull and Gate which featured early performances by Blur, The Housemartins, Suede, PJ Harvey, and Coldplay.
In more recent years, the area has continued the trend for the resurgence of real ale pubs like the CAMRA award-winning Southampton Arms, the Pineapple, and Tapping the Admiral which was the CAMRA North London Pub of the Year in 2013. Many of these are stocked with keg and bottled beers from the Camden Town Brewery, located in the arches under Kentish Town West London Overground station.
Kentish Town is also home to The Forum (formerly known as the Town and Country club), during the 1950s a cinema, and now a live music venue.
West Kentish Town features many art galleries, studios and creative spaces including Spring Studios, the Zabludowicz Collection, the Beardsmore Gallery, photographer Rankin's Annroy and Leighton Space.
In December 2014, the Victorian toilets on the corner of Highgate Road and Fortess Road were transformed into a cocktail bar: Ladies and Gentlemen.
Torriano Avenue, dating back to 1848, is a Kentish Town street home to Pete Stanley, one of the country's best-known bluegrass banjo players; British actor Bill Nighy; and The Torriano Poets, where local poets have met for over 20 years and still hold weekly public poetry readings on Sunday evenings: its founder was John Rety. The street is also home to two pubs, one being an 1850s hostelry The Leighton, the other The Torriano, which was for many years an old-fashioned community off-licence. One of London's most famous nudist public baths, Rio's, is in Kentish Town.
Kentish Town is home to North London's only daily online magazine, The Kentishtowner, founded in 2010, which discusses the area's arts and entertainments scenes, and features contributions from a range of broadsheet journalists and readers.
St Pancras public baths
The largest municipal building in Kentish Town is the St Pancras public baths, opened in 1903, designed by Thomas W. Aldwinckle. The large complex originally had separate first and second class men's baths and a women's baths, along with a public hall. Little of the interior remains intact. The baths were closed in January 2007 for refurbishment and re-opened at the end of July 2010.
Architecture and geography
Kentish Town has a fairly large boundary, stretching from Camden Gardens to as a far north as the Highgate Road/Gordon House Road junction near Dartmouth Park. Kentish Town generally includes the areas to the west, around Queens Crescent and to the east around Torriano.
Many of the old buildings remain, albeit hidden behind the façades of modern shops or neglected.
Peckwater Estate is a large estate of flats in Kentish Town. It is located in the postal district of NW5 just off Islip and Peckwater Street. The estate was built as one of many estates in NW5 as a solution to lack of housing in the area. Stationed next to the estate is Kenbrook House, another large block in the area, with a main entrance on Leighton Road, NW5. Adjacent from Kenbrook is the large Willingham Close Estate, yet another large estate consisting of four blocks.
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- Akala (rapper), rapper
- Ben Aaronovitch, writer
- Charles Dance, actor
- Gerry Badger, photographer
- Mike Barson, the keyboardist of the British pop/ska band Madness
- Sian Berry, Green Party politician and 2008 Green Party candidate for London Mayor.
- Archie Bland, journalist, writer and Deputy Editor of The Independent newspaper
- Tom Conti, actor
- Giles Coren, restaurant critic
- Joe Craig, author of the Jimmy Coates series
- Hunter Davies, writer
- Simon Day, comedian
- Noel Fielding, comedian
- William Harrison, popular tenor and actor
- Mr Hudson, singer
- Margaret Forster, writer
- Ben Goldacre, medical doctor and journalist
- Eddy Grant, reggae and rock artist
- Patricia Hewitt, former Secretary of State for Health
- Tom Hiddleston, actor
- Leigh Hunt, 19th century journalist and poet
- Bert Jansch, folk musician
- Phil Clifton, TV and radio Presenter
- Roger Lloyd-Pack, actor
- Katharine Sarah Macquoid, writer
- Karl Marx, 19th century political philosopher
- Scott Mills, radio DJ
- Harry Mount, historian, barrister and journalist
- Henry Neele, poet
- Mohamed Nur, Mayor of Mogadishu
- George Orwell, writer
- Gareth Peirce, solicitor
- Lucy Porter, comedian
- Jolyon Rubinstein, comedian
- Alan Rusbridger, editor of The Guardian newspaper
- Jon Snow, television journalist
- Keir Starmer, former Director of Public Prosecutions, since 2015 local Member of Parliament for the Labour Party
- Jim Sturgess, actor and musician
- The Roots, band
- R. N. Taber, poet
- Gillian Tindall, writer and historian
- Astrid Zydower, sculptor
- Daniel Kaluuya, actor
Kentish Town has a range of transport connections: a mainline railway station on the St Albans/Luton Airport to Brighton/Gatwick line; Underground station, overground connection (at Kentish Town West and Camden Road stations) and multiple bus routes with the majority going into or around Central London.
- Kentish Town station
- Gospel Oak railway station
- Kentish Town West railway station
- Camden Road railway station
- Camden Town tube station
- Camden Town and Chalk Farm to the south
- Barnsbury to the south-east
- Tufnell Park and Holloway to the east
- Dartmouth Park and Archway to the north-east
- Highgate to the north
- Hampstead and Belsize Park to the west
- Denford 2005, p. 4
- Conchie, Peter (13 June 1998). "Warming to Kentish Town". The Independent. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "Cantle - definition of cantle in English". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Pinks, William John; Wood, Edward J. (1881). The History of Clerkenwell. Francis Boutle. p. 375. ISBN 9781903427088. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Ashton, John (1888). The Fleet: Its River, Prison, and Marriages. T. F. Unwin. p. 32. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Denford 2005, p. 8
- In jubiaeo: A short history of the church and parish of S. Benet and All Saints, Kentish Town, London, 1885-1935 [no author] (London: St Benet and All Saints Church, 1935). Online resource, accessed 27 October 2018
- "South Kentish Town Underground: NW5's Ghost Tube Station". Kentishtowner.
- Services, Good Stuff IT. "Kentish Town – UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com.
- "Only Fools and Horses filming locations - Christ Apostoic Church". findthatlocation.com.
- "Greens alarmed at Tesco plan for Kentish Town". Camden Green Party. 26 March 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Birch, Will (2003). No Sleep Till Canvey Island – The Great Pub Rock Revolution (1st ed.). London: Virgin Books Ltd. pp. 120–129. ISBN 0-7535-0740-4.
- Historic England. "Assembly House public house (1379240)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "Knowhere Special". TimeOut London. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Melisha Kaur (22 July 2014). "Where to get naked in London". Evening Standard.
- Matthew Weaver. "Making a splash: newly restored Kentish Town baths reopen". the Guardian.
- "Camden New Journal". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "The Diary: Tom Hiddleston". Financial Times.
- "The Roots - Late-night success after a move from hip-hop to house". The Independent. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2017.