Khartoum massacre

The Khartoum massacre occurred on 3 June 2019, when the armed forces of the Sudanese Transitional Military Council, headed by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), the immediate successor organisation to the Janjaweed militia,[6] used heavy gunfire and teargas to disperse a sit-in by protestors in Khartoum, killing more than 100 people,[7] with difficulties in estimating the actual numbers.[8][9][10] At least forty of the bodies had been thrown in the River Nile.[11] Hundreds of unarmed civilians were injured, hundreds of unarmed citizens were arrested, many families were terrorised in their home estates across Sudan,[12][8] and the RSF raped more than 70 women and men.[3][4] The Internet was almost completely blocked in Sudan in the days following the massacre, making it difficult to estimate the number of victims.[13][14]

Khartoum massacre
Part of Sudanese Revolution
LocationKhartoum, Sudan
Date3 June 2019
TargetSudanese protesters
Attack type
Mass murder
Deaths128+[1]
Injured650+ injured[2] and 70 raped[3][4]
PerpetratorsRapid Support Forces (RSF),[5] Janjaweed militias[4] and TMC security forces[4]
MotiveDispersing sit in camp

In October 2019, during the 39-month planned transition to democracy, an official Khartoum massacre investigation commission was created as required under Article 7.(16) of the Sudanese August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration,[15][16] under the authority of transition period Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.[17] The commission is led by human rights lawyer Nabil Adib and with no female members, to the objection of The No to Oppression against Women Initiative.[18]


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