Kingdom of Aragon

The Kingdom of Aragon (Aragonese: Reino d'Aragón, Catalan: Regne d'Aragó, Latin: Regnum Aragoniae, Spanish: Reino de Aragón) was a medieval and early modern kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain. It should not be confused with the larger Crown of Aragon, which also included other territories — the Principality of Catalonia (which included the former Catalan Counties), the Kingdom of Valencia, the Kingdom of Majorca, and other possessions that are now part of France, Italy, and Greece — that were also under the rule of the King of Aragon, but were administered separately from the Kingdom of Aragon.

Kingdom of Aragon
Reino d'Aragón (in Aragonese)
Regne d'Aragó (in Catalan)
Regnum Aragonum (in Latin)
Reino de Aragón (in Spanish)
1035–1707
StatusKingdom of the Crown of Aragon (since 1162)
Capital
Common languagesAragonese, Castilian, Catalan, Latin, Mozarabic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
LegislatureCortes of Aragon
Historical eraMedieval / Early Modern
 County of Aragon established as independent kingdom
1035
 Nueva Planta decrees dissolved Aragonese institutions in 1707
1707
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Aragon
Crown of Aragon
Enlightenment in Spain
Today part ofSpain

In 1479, upon John II of Aragon’s death, the crowns of Aragon and Castile were united to form the nucleus of modern Spain. The Aragonese lands, however, retained autonomous parliamentary and administrative institutions, such as the Corts, until the Nueva Planta decrees, promulgated between 1707 and 1715 by Philip V of Spain in the aftermath of the War of the Spanish Succession, finally put an end to it.[1]