Kingdom of Bavaria

The Kingdom of Bavaria (German: Königreich Bayern; Bavarian: Kinereich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. With the unification of Germany into the German Empire in 1871, the kingdom became a federated state of the new empire and was second in size, power, and wealth only to the leading state, the Kingdom of Prussia.

Kingdom of Bavaria
Königreich Bayern
Kinereich Bayern
1805–1918
Anthem: Bayerische Königshymne
The Kingdom of Bavaria (green) within the German Confederation (dark grey) in 1815
The Kingdom of Bavaria within the German Empire with the exclave of Palatinate
StatusElectorate of the Holy Roman Empire
(1805–1806)
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
(1806–13)
State of the German Confederation
(1815–66)
Federal State of the German Empire
(1871–1918)
CapitalMunich
Common languagesBavarian, Upper German dialects
Religion
Majority:
Catholicism
GovernmentConstitutional Monarchy
King 
 1805–1825
Maximilian I Joseph
 1825–1848
Ludwig I
 1848–1864
Maximilian II
 1864–1886
Ludwig II
 1886–1913
Otto
 1913–1918
Ludwig III
Prince Regent 
 1886–1912
Leopold Charles
 1912–1913
Ludwig Leopold
Minister-President 
 1806–1817
Maximilian von Montgelas
 1912–1917
Georg von Hertling
 1917–1918
Otto Ritter von Dandl
LegislatureLandtag
 Upper Chamber
Kammer der Reichsräte
 Lower Chamber
Kammer der Abgeordneten
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars / World War I
26 December 1805
 Established
26 December 1805
8 October 1813
30 May 1814
18 January 1871
9 November 1918
12 November 1918
Area
191075,865 km2 (29,292 sq mi)
Population
 1910
6,524,372
CurrencyBavarian gulden,
(1806–1873)
German gold mark,
(1873–1914)
German Papiermark
(1914–1918)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Bavaria
Bishopric of Würzburg
People's State of Bavaria
Bavarian Soviet Republic

The polity's foundation dates back to the ascension of prince-elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach as King of Bavaria. The crown would go on being held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom came to an end in 1918. Most of the border of modern Germany's Free State of Bavaria were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which the Kingdom of Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the Austrian Empire while receiving Aschaffenburg and Würzburg.

In 1918, Bavaria became a republic after the German Revolution, and the kingdom was thus succeeded by the current Free State of Bavaria.