Kingdom of Galicia

The Kingdom of Galicia (Galician: Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Spanish: Reino de Galicia; Portuguese: Reino da Galiza; Latin: Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It was founded by the Suebic king Hermeric in 409, with its capital established in Braga.[1] It was the first kingdom that officially adopted Catholicism. In 449, it minted its own currency. In 585, it became a part of the Visigothic Kingdom. In the 8th century, Galicia became a part of the newly founded Christian Kingdom of Asturias, which later became the Kingdom of León, while occasionally achieving independence under the authority of its own kings.[2] Compostela became the capital of Galicia in the 11th century, while the independence of Portugal (1128) determined its southern boundary. The accession of Castilian King Ferdinand III to the Leonese kingdom in 1230 brought Galicia under the control of the Crown of Castile.

Kingdom of Galicia
Reino de Galicia or Galiza (in Galician)
Reino de Galicia (in Spanish)
Reino da Galiza (in Portuguese)
Galliciense Regnum (in Latin)
Galiza Rouantelezh (in Breton)
409–1833
Motto: Hoc hic misterium fidei firmiter profitemur
"Here is the mystery of faith that we strongly profess"
Anthem: Antiga Marcha do Reino de Galicia
The location of the Kingdom of Galicia in the 11th century CE, in red
CapitalSantiago de Compostela1
Common languagesLatin
Vulgar Latin
Galician-Portuguese
Astur-Leonese
Castilian
A few speakers of Brittonic, Visigothic, Vandalic and Suebic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentMonarchy
Monarch 
 409–438
Hermeric (first)
 1813–1833
Ferdinand VII (last)
LegislatureJunta
History 
 Founded by Hermeric
409
 Dissolved
1833
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Western Roman Empire
Kingdom of Leon
Kingdom of Spain
County of Portugal
Couto Misto
1 Previously Lugo and Braga. From the 16th century the capitality was disputed.
Arms of the Kingdom of Galicia, illustrated in L´armorial Le Blancq, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1560

Galicia resisted central control, supporting a series of alternative claimants, including John of León, Galicia and Seville (1296), Ferdinand I of Portugal (1369) and John of Gaunt (1386), and was not brought firmly into submission until the Catholic Monarchs imposed the Santa Hermandad in Galicia. The kingdom of Galicia was then administered within the Crown of Castile (1490–1715) and later the Crown of Spain (1715–1833) by an Audiencia Real directed by a Governor which also held the office of Captain General and President. The representative assembly of the Kingdom was then the Junta or Cortes of the Kingdom of Galicia, which briefly declared itself sovereign[3] when Galicia alone remained free of Napoleonic occupation (1808–1809). The kingdom and its Junta were dissolved by Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Regent of Spain, in 1834.