Kingdom of Greece

The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος [vaˈsili.on tis eˈlaðos]) was established in 1832 and was the successor state to the First Hellenic Republic. It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople, where Greece also secured its full independence from the Ottoman Empire after nearly four centuries.

Kingdom of Greece
Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος
1832–1924
1935–1973a
Motto: 
Anthem: Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν
"Hymn to Freedom"
The Kingdom of Greece in 1973
Capital
  • Nafplio (1832–1834)
  • Athens (1834–1924, 1935–1941, 1944–1973)
Official languagesGreekb
Religion
Greek Orthodoxy (official)
Demonym(s)Greek
GovernmentUnitary absolute monarchy
(1832–1844)

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
(1844–1924; 1935-1941; 1944-1973)

King 
 1832–1862 (first)
Otto
 1964–1973 (last)
Constantine II
Prime Minister 
 1833 (first)
Spyridon Trikoupis
 1967–1973 (last)
Georgios Papadopoulos
LegislatureNone (rule by decree)
(1832–1844)
Parliament
(1843–1924; 1935–1941; 1944–1973)
Senate
(1844–1864)
Chamber of Deputies
(1844–1863)
Historical eraModern
30 August 1832
3 September 1843
23 October 1862
April–May 1897
1912–1913
1915–1917
1919–1922
1924–1935
1936–1941
1941–1944
1943–1949
25 October 1945
27 April 1967
1 June 1973
CurrencyGreek drachma (₯)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1832:
First Hellenic Republic
1864:
Ionian Islands
1912:
Principality
of Samos
Free State of Icaria
1913:
Cretan State
1914:
Northern Epirus
1935:
Second Hellenic Republic
1944:
Hellenic State
1947:
Italian Islands of the Aegean
1924:
Second Hellenic Republic
1941:
Hellenic State
1947:
Provisional Democratic Government
1973:
Hellenic Republic
(Military Junta)
Today part of
  • Greece
  1. ^ On 1 June 1973, the Greek military junta unilaterally abolished the monarchy, then held a rigged referendum on 29 July 1973. This decision was ratified in 1974.
  2. ^ Katharevousa was the conservative form of the Modern Greek language used both for literary and official purposes, though seldom in daily language.

The Kingdom of Greece was dissolved in 1924 and the Second Hellenic Republic was established following Greece's defeat by Turkey in the Asia Minor Campaign. A military coup d'état restored the monarchy in 1935 and Greece became a Kingdom again until 1973.[note 1][note 2] The Kingdom was finally dissolved in the aftermath of a seven-year military dictatorship (1967–1974) and the Third Hellenic Republic was established following a referendum held in 1974.


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