Attalid dynasty

The Attalid dynasty (/ˈætəlɪd/; Koinē Greek: Δυναστεία των Ατταλιδών, romanized: Dynasteía ton Attalidón) was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon in Asia Minor after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great.

Kingdom of Pergamon
282 BC–133 BC
Coat of arms
Pergamon in 188 BC
CapitalPergamon
Common languagesGreek
Lycian, Carian, Lydian
Religion
Greek Polytheism, Hellenistic Religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Basileus 
 282–263 BC
Philetaerus
 263–241 BC
Eumenes I
 241–197 BC
Attalus I
 197–159 BC
Eumenes II
 160–138 BC
Attalus II
 138–133 BC
Attalus III
 133–129 BC
Eumenes III
Historical eraHellenistic period
 Philetaerus takes control of the city of Pergamon
282 BC
 Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic
133 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Seleucid Empire
Lysimachian Empire
Roman Republic
Attalid dynasty
CountryKingdom of Pergamon
Current regionWestern Asia Minor
Place of originPaphlagonia
FounderPhiletaerus
Final rulerAttalus III
Final headEumenes III
Deposition133 BC (133 BC)
Theatre of Pergamon, one of the steepest theatres in the world, has a capacity of 10,000 people and was constructed in the 3rd century BC.
Ruins of the ancient city of Pergamon

The kingdom was a rump state that had been left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' lieutenants, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father and expanded the city into a kingdom.