Kingdom of Rwanda

The Kingdom of Rwanda was a kingdom in East Africa which grew to be ruled by a Tutsi monarchy.[1] It was one of the oldest and the most centralized kingdom in the Central and East Africa region.[2] It was later annexed under German and Belgian colonial rule while retaining some of its autonomy. The Tutsi monarchy was abolished in 1961 after ethnic violence erupted between the Hutu and the Tutsi during the Rwandan Revolution which started in 1959.[3] After a 1961 referendum, Rwanda became a Hutu-dominated republic and received its independence from Belgium in 1962.[4]

Kingdom of Rwanda
Ubwami bw'u Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)
Koninkrijk Roeanda (Dutch)
Royaume du Rwanda (French)
Königreich Ruanda (German)
c. 15th century–1961
Location of Rwanda
StatusIndependent state (15th century–1897)
Part of German East Africa (1897-1916)
Part of Ruanda-Urundi (1922-1961)
Common languagesKinyarwanda, French, German (official from 1897-1916), Dutch (official from 1922-1961)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Gihanga (1st Dyn.) (first)
Kigeli V (3rd Dyn.) (last)
15th century c. 15th century
1 July 1961
Succeeded by
Today part ofRwanda

After the revolution, the last ruling monarch, Kigeli V, was exiled and he eventually settled in the United States. A court in exile has been maintained outside Rwanda ever since the abolition of the monarchy. As of 9 January 2017, the current proclaimed King of Rwanda is Yuhi VI.[5]

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