Kingdom of Saxony

The Kingdom of Saxony (German: Königreich Sachsen), lasting from 1806 to 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany. The kingdom was formed from the Electorate of Saxony. From 1871 it was part of the German Empire. It became a free state in the era of Weimar Republic in 1918 after the end of World War I and the abdication of King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony. Its capital was the city of Dresden, and its modern successor state is the Free State of Saxony.

Kingdom of Saxony
Königreich Sachsen  (German)
1806–1918
Motto: Providentiae Memor
"Providence Remember"
Anthem: Gott segne Sachsenland (1815)

Sachsenlied ("Gott sei mit dir mein Sachsenland", 1842)
The Kingdom of Saxony in 1812
Status
CapitalDresden
Common languagesUpper Saxon German
Religion
Lutheran, but monarchs were Roman Catholic
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King 
 1806–1827 (first)
Frederick Augustus I
 1904–1918 (last)
Frederick Augustus III
Minister-President 
 1831–1843 (first)
Bernhard von Lindenau
 1918 (last)
Rudolf Heinze
LegislatureLandtag (1831–1918)
 Upper Chamber
"First Chamber"
 Lower Chamber
"Second Chamber"
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars / WWI
 Established
20 December 1806
 Disestablished
13 November 1918
Area
191014,993 km2 (5,789 sq mi)
Population
 1910
4,806,661
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Saxony
Saxony
Today part of