Kingdom of Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљевина Србија, romanized: Kraljevina Srbija) was a country located in the Balkans which was created when the ruler of the Principality of Serbia, Milan I, was proclaimed king in 1882. Since 1817, the Principality was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty (replaced by the Karađorđević dynasty for a short time). The Principality, suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, de facto achieved full independence when the last Ottoman troops left Belgrade in 1867. The Congress of Berlin in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia, and in its composition Nišava, Pirot, Toplica and Vranje districts entered the South part of Serbia.

Kingdom of Serbia
Краљевина Србија
Kraljevina Srbija
Coat of arms
"Боже правде" / "Bože pravde"
(English: "God of Justice")
The Kingdom of Serbia in 1914
Common languagesSerbian
Serbian Orthodoxy
GovernmentUnitary constitutional monarchy
Milan I
Alexander I
Peter I
Prime Minister 
 1882–1883 (first)
Milan Piroćanac
 1912–1918 (last)
Nikola Pašić
LegislatureNational Assembly
Historical eraNew Imperialism, World War I
6 March 1882
 May Coup
10 June 1903
30 May 1913
10 August 1913
20 July 1917
28 November 1918
1 December 1918
CurrencySerbian dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Serbia
Kingdom of Montenegro
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Today part ofSerbia
North Macedonia

In 1882, Serbia was elevated to the status of a kingdom, maintaining a foreign policy friendly to Austria-Hungary. Between 1912 and 1913, Serbia greatly enlarged its territory through engagement in the First and Second Balkan WarsSandžak-Raška, Kosovo Vilayet and Vardar Macedonia were annexed. At the end of World War I in 1918 it united with Vojvodina and the Kingdom of Montenegro, and in December 1918 it merged with the newly created State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as Kingdom of Yugoslavia) under the continued rule of the Karađorđević dynasty.