Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles (80 km) east of Leeds, 34 miles (55 km) south-east of York and 54 miles (87 km) north-east of Sheffield. With a population of 259,778 (mid-2019 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in the Yorkshire and the Humber region.
Kingston upon Hull
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Administrative headquarters||• Guildhall|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Body||Hull City Council|
|• Leadership||Leader and cabinet|
|• Lord Mayor||Lynn Petrini (L)|
|• Council Leader||Daren Hale (L)|
|• Chief Executive||Matt Jukes|
|• Land||27.59 sq mi (71.5 km2)|
|• City||259,778 (Ranked 64th)|
|• Rank||(Ranked 64th)|
|• Density||9,030/sq mi (3,486/km2)|
|• Urban||573,300 (LUZ)|
| • Ethnicity |
|89.7% White British|
0.3% White Irish
4.1% Other White
1.1% S. Asian
1.3% Mixed Race
2.3% Chinese and other (0.8% Chinese)
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||00FA (ONS)|
|Primary airport||Humberside Airport (Outside of Kingston upon Hull)|
The town of Wyke on Hull was founded late in the 12th century by the monks of Meaux Abbey as a port from which to export their wool. Renamed Kings-town upon Hull in 1299, Hull had been a market town, military supply port, trading hub, fishing and whaling centre and industrial metropolis. Hull was an early theatre of battle in the English Civil Wars. Its 18th-century Member of Parliament, William Wilberforce, took a prominent part in the abolition of the slave trade in Britain.
After suffering heavy damage in the Second World War (the "Hull Blitz"), Hull weathered a period of post-industrial decline, doing poorly on measures of social deprivation, education and policing. In the early 21st century spending boom before the late 2000s recession the city saw large amounts of new retail, commercial, housing and public service construction spending.
Tourist attractions include The Hull People's Memorial, the historic Old Town and Museum Quarter, marina and The Deep aquarium. Rugby league football teams include clubs Hull F.C. and Hull Kingston Rovers. The city's association football clubs are Hull City (EFL Championship) and non-league Hull United.