Kingston upon Hull

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.[2] It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles (80 km) east of Leeds, 34 miles (55 km) south-east of York and 54 miles (87 km) north-east of Sheffield.[2] With a population of 259,778 (mid-2019 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in the Yorkshire and the Humber region.

Kingston upon Hull
Hull
Top: Hull City Hall,
Hull College and Wilberforce Monument
Middle: Ferens Art Gallery,
Queen's Gardens and Maritime Museum
Bottom: The Deep at night
Shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Kingston upon Hull
Location within England
Kingston upon Hull
Location within the United Kingdom
Kingston upon Hull
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°44′40″N 00°19′57″W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
Ceremonial countyEast Riding of Yorkshire
Founded12th century
City status1897
Administrative headquarters  Guildhall
Government
  TypeUnitary authority
  BodyHull City Council
  LeadershipLeader and cabinet
  ExecutiveLabour
  Lord MayorLynn Petrini (L)
  Council LeaderDaren Hale (L)
  Chief ExecutiveMatt Jukes
Area
  Land27.59 sq mi (71.5 km2)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  City259,778 (Ranked 64th)
  Rank(Ranked 64th)
  Density9,030/sq mi (3,486/km2)
  Urban
573,300 (LUZ)
  Ethnicity
(2011 Census)[1]
89.7% White British
0.3% White Irish
4.1% Other White
1.1% S. Asian
1.2% Black
1.3% Mixed Race
2.3% Chinese and other (0.8% Chinese)
Demonym(s)Hullensian
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode Area
Dialling codes01482
ISO 3166-2GB-KHL
ONS code00FA (ONS)
E06000010 (GSS)
NUTS 3UKE11
Primary airportHumberside Airport (Outside of Kingston upon Hull)
Councillors57
MPs
Websitehull.gov.uk

The town of Wyke on Hull was founded late in the 12th century by the monks of Meaux Abbey as a port from which to export their wool. Renamed Kings-town upon Hull in 1299, Hull had been a market town,[3] military supply port,[4] trading hub,[5] fishing and whaling centre and industrial metropolis.[4] Hull was an early theatre of battle in the English Civil Wars.[5] Its 18th-century Member of Parliament, William Wilberforce, took a prominent part in the abolition of the slave trade in Britain.[6]

After suffering heavy damage in the Second World War (the "Hull Blitz"), Hull weathered a period of post-industrial decline,[7] doing poorly on measures of social deprivation, education and policing. In the early 21st century spending boom before the late 2000s recession the city saw large amounts of new retail, commercial, housing and public service construction spending.

Tourist attractions include The Hull People's Memorial, the historic Old Town and Museum Quarter, marina and The Deep aquarium. Rugby league football teams include clubs Hull F.C. and Hull Kingston Rovers. The city's association football clubs are Hull City (EFL Championship) and non-league Hull United.

Hull University was founded in 1927 and now enrols more than 16,000 students. In 2017, Hull was the UK City of Culture and hosted the Turner Prize at its Ferens Art Gallery.[8]