Klamath Mountains

The Klamath Mountains are a rugged and lightly populated mountain range in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the western United States. As a mountain system within both the greater Pacific Coast Ranges and the California Coast Ranges, the Klamath Mountains have a varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentinite and marble, and a climate characterized by moderately cold winters with very heavy snowfall and warm, very dry summers with limited rainfall, especially in the south.[2][3] As a consequence of the geology and soil types, the mountains harbor several endemic or near-endemic trees, forming one of the largest collections of conifers in the world. The mountains are also home to a diverse array of fish and animal species, including black bears, large cats, owls, eagles, and several species of Pacific salmon. Millions of acres in the mountains are managed by the United States Forest Service.[3][4] The northernmost and largest sub-range of the Klamath Mountains are the Siskiyou Mountains.[1]

Klamath Mountains
Mixed conifer forest in the Trinity Alps
Highest point
PeakMount Eddy
Elevation9,025 ft (2,751 m)
Dimensions
Length249 km (155 mi)[1]
Width181 km (112 mi)[1]
Area25,595 km2 (9,882 sq mi)[1]
Geography
Map of the Klamath Mountains Geologic Province, Pacific Coast Ranges
CountryUnited States
StatesOregon and California
Range coordinates41°19′12″N 122°28′44″W